The Rapid Vehicle Motor Company

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The Rapid Vehicle Motor Company

By: Frank Hague

The Rapid Motor Vehicle Company was started in 1902 by Max Grabowski.

It was the manufacturer of some of the earliest trucks and was purchased in 1909 by GM. In 1912 the name GMC was first used at the New York Auto Show and in 1996 the suffix Truck was dropped.

What most people don't know is that GMC also makes cars.

In 1902 Max Grabowski founded a company called the "Rapid Motor Vehicle Company", which developed some of the earliest commercial trucks ever designed. In 1909 the company was bought by General Motors to form the basis of the General Motors Truck Company, from which GMC Truck was made. In 1912 the name "GMC Truck" was first shown at the New York Auto Show. In 1996 GM dropped the word 'truck' from the GMC Truck name, thus creating the GMC name as we know it today. There never was a Grabowski Motor Company or a Grabowski Motor Corp.

They now make personal automobiles, as well as pickup truck and bus engines.

General Motors Corporation NYSE: GM, also known as GM, is a United States-based automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, Daewoo, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab, and Vauxhall Chevrolet and GMC divisions produce trucks, as well as passenger vehicles. Other brands include ACDelco, Allison Transmission, and General Motors Electro-Motive Division that produces diesel-electric locomotives. GM also has stakes in Isuzu, Subaru, and Suzuki in Japan and a joint venture with AutoVAZ (Lada) in Russia. In December 2003, it acquired Delta in South Africa, in which it had taken a 45 percent stake in 1997, and which is now a fully-owned subsidiary, General Motors South Africa.

GM's headquarters are in the Renaissance Center in Detroit, Michigan.

General Motors is the world's largest vehicle manufacturer and employs over 340,000 people. In 2001, GM sold 8.5 million vehicles through all its branches. In 2002, GM sold 15 percent of all cars and trucks in the world. They also owned Electronic Data Systems from 1984 to 1996 which is a former Ross Perot company and, prior to selling it to News Corporation, DirecTV. GM owned Frigidaire from 1918 to 1979.

The current chairman (since May 1, 2003) and chief executive officer (since June 1, 2000) is Rick Wagoner, succeeding John F. Smith, Jr.

General Motors is selling its 20 percent stake in Fuji Heavy Industries, the parent of Subaru, in a deal that could raise more than $700 million as per news released on October 6, 2005.

Also, General Motors Canada auto workers voted on Sunday to ratify a new contract that will lay off 1,000 workers over the next three years, the Canadian Auto Workers and GM said.

General Motors lost 2.5 billion dollars last year, and would have made a profit if it was not saddled with 6 billion dollars in health costs.

The UAW and GM are now reaching agreement to reduce this health cost by about 1 billion dollars annually.

About The Author

Frank Hague has owned several GM made vehicles. For more information please look at:


spotman 22.04.2013. 04:32

I have a 1978 honda odyssey FL 250 no matter what i do it wont start ihave good clean fuel? Good fuel, clean carb, great compression, big blue spark, plenty of air, timing set perfect ...wiring dead on .....why won't it start....I have all the majors to make a motor run please help...reply


Admin 22.04.2013. 04:32

In the 1960s and 1970s, many automobile odometers did not even read beyond 99,999 miles. Hit 100,000, and the odometer turned back to zero. But now, thanks to tougher quality standards and post-recession financial concerns, Americans are driving their cars longer than ever before and high-mileage cars are the rule, not the exception. Is 200,000 miles the new 100,000 miles?

Consider Porsche salesman Mark Webber. While selling new sports cars every day for a living, Webber still drives his 1990 Volvo to work, despite having more than 300,000 miles on the car. ?I just can?t see the point of spending a lot of money driving a newer, racier car every day in city traffic when my old Volvo just wants to keep on going,? Webber told the New York Times.

Webber has plenty of company. While Americans once prided themselves on driving the latest and greatest car, a shift in spending habits following the recession has more Americans than ever before working to extend the life of their cars. A recent survey by the automotive research firm R.L. Polk & Co found that the typical car buyer keeps a new vehicle for 71.4 months, an increase of nearly 18 months since 2006.

This shift corresponds with a change in Americans? attitudes toward automobiles. Cars, once synonymous with an individual?s identity, are no longer as important to today?s millennial generation.

David Champion, the senior director of Consumer Reports, says that in the past, ?[People] would sell the car at 60,000 miles to get some residual value out of it. Nowadays, 100,000 miles is only halfway through the life of the car.? In fact, used car prices are rising as recession-savvy buyers look to keep spending down while getting the biggest bang for their buck.

The life expectancy of cars has steadily increased since the 1970s. A generation ago, many parts simply fell off a car at the end of their life cycle. Cars produced in the 1960s and 1970s were also more susceptible to rust and corrosion, so engines and transmission simply stopped working by 100,000 miles. Now, thanks to greater quality control and technology advancements, today?s automobiles meet strict requirements for anticorrosion standards. Gas mileage for cars is also an important factor ? as mileage increases, it?s difficult to justify a new purchase.

And carmakers intend their cars to say on the road for a long time. For example, Hyundai and Kia now include 100,000 miles/10 year powertrain warranties with their cars.

Is your car approaching 100,000 miles and you hope to double that? These three tips will help keep your car on the road well past the 100,000-mile mark.
Drive gently.

Aggressive driving, hard stops and starts, and rapid accelerating or decelerating not only hurt your fuel economy, but these rough driving also adds unnecessary wear and tear to your car. Think about your morning commute: do you race to every stoplight, weaving in and out of traffic? Curbing your need for speed can help keep your car running longer.
Keep it clean.

A good wash will not only help high mileage cars sparkle, but it will also remove excess road tar and salt. This is especially important during winter months when salt residue from wintery roads can cause undercarriage corrosion. Regular waxing protects the paint job and resists rust.
Don?t ignore the check engine light.

Many drivers, myself included, enter a guilty state of denial when our check engine light turns on. Weeks turn into months, and the check engine light is still shining. If you have an older car, it?s essential to get the light checked out right away. It may be indicative of a serious problem with the transmission, timing belt or engine. Prompt attention can save your car from serious damage ? and save you the headache and expense of having your car towed to the mechanic.
contact us 8122363668


JAMES 24.03.2010. 13:16

As an island economy and with high dependence on diesel fuels why is taxation on diesel so high? Formerly diesel was less costly than petrol. The reverse is now true. Our fuel taxes are among the highest in the world. Since our transport industry is absolutely vital for our economy why is this not recognised in a fuel differential between diesel and petrol in support of this vital sector and to enable our industrial base to once more compete with other European economies. Petrol tax could be increased to compensate for lost revenues without the same negative impact on industry and to give a competitive boost to this vital sector.


Admin 24.03.2010. 13:16

A few years ago Diesel was taxed lower than petrol because there were fewer Diesel engined cars on the road. Now, with the rapid development of these engines & their increased popularity because of the better fuel economy, governments ( the torchies will do the same IF they get in !) see the motorist as a milk cow to be squeezed dry. We are being encouraged to buy more fuel efficient vehicles, so we think motoring costs will come down. No chance, We use less fuel, the Tax man loses out so the tax is increased to compensate! The problem now is that the vehicles that really need the fuel - HGV's, Public Service Vehicles, Ambulances & Fire Engines etc are being taxed off the road by every increase in duty. Even though transport companies etc can claim back the VAT any further increase will see more throwing in the towel, leaving us open to even more East European Trucks on our roads & the carnage they will inevitably bring - at least 2 accidents every day involving them at present. What could go some way to reduce the tax is for the Foreign registered vehicles plying for work be charged for using the roads & having to pay duty on any fuel not purchased here ( this happens when British based trucks work abroad) Some of them have 2 tanks holding 1500 litres between them.


anoymous 16.01.2010. 06:45

What has the Singaporean government done to reduce air pollution in Singapore? Array


Admin 16.01.2010. 06:45

Topic Area: Air Pollution/Transportation
Geographic Area: Singapore
Focal Question: Can Singapore's Area Licensing scheme effectively reduce traffic congestion during the peak hours of traffic flow?
(1) McCarthy, Patrick; Tay, Richard. "Economic Efficiency vs. Traffic Restraint: A Note on Singapore's Area License Scheme." Journal of Urban Economics. 34 (1) pp. 96-100.
(2) Toh, Rex. "Experimental Measures to Curb Road Congestion in Singapore: Pricing and Quotas." Logistics and Transportation Review. 28(3) 1992. pp. 289- 312.
(3) Toh, Rex. "Road Congestion Pricing: The Singapore Experience." Malayan Economic Review. 22(2) Oct. 1977. pp. 52-61.
Reviewer: Kristen M. Zolla, Colby College '96

Singapore, a small city state experiencing rapid industrial growth, found itself faced with the new problem of urban traffic congestion in the seventies. A large population with a strong preference for automobiles, coupled with a concentration of most of the economic industries into the small land area of the central business district led to severe traffic conditions including congestion, reduced traffic speeds, and environmental problems. These problems clearly had to be dealt with.

Each automobile user causes externalities which impose unfavorable conditions on others. Since roads are built to accommodate a certain capacity of people, after that level is reached, each additional vehicle slows down the other cars on the road thus imposing a longer traveling time of all of the other drivers. Furthermore, automobiles produce air pollution, which is another eternality which affects the population of Singapore (Toh,77 52).

To help alleviate this growing problem, the Singapore government took a four pronged approach to attempt to lessen the problem. Firstly, a curbing of car ownership was dealt with by increasing the purchase and ownership costs of motor vehicles through tariffs. Secondly, steps were taken to improve public transportation in an effort to encourage its use. Also an attempt to improve the management of the Singapore's roads was made in an effort to make them more conducive to accommodating traffic. Finally, on June 2, 1975 an area licensing scheme(ALS) was enacted (Toh, 77 52).

This area licensing scheme defines a restricted zone in the central business district containing a land area of 5.59 square kilometers. This scheme restricts use of the roads in the central business district (CBD) during the hours of 7:30 to 9:30 (changed to 10:15 on Aug. 1). Only cars which display a license are allowed to enter this zone through one of the 22 vehicular entry points. This license can be purchased on a daily basis for S$3 or on a monthly basis for S$60. (This fee was changed in December of the same year to S$4 for a daily license and S$80 for a monthly license.) Company cars were charged twice the residential rate for a license, while busses, service and military vehicles, carpools (with four or more people) and taxis were all exempt and could move freely within the CBD without a license (Toh, 77 53).

This regulation was the first of its kind anywhere in the world. It was hoped that this ordinance would give car owners an economic incentive to reduce the use of roads in the CBD and curtail peak hour traffic by 25 to 30%. Additionally, the reductions as a result of the restrictions in the morning hours were expected to lead to a "mirror image" reduction in the evening return hours, as people were expected to take alternative means to work and then return the same way (Toh, 77 54).

The Area Licensing Scheme was extremely successful in reducing traffic congestion during the peak hours. By the fourth week of the ALS, traffic flow during the peak hours had fallen by 45.3%, this included an astonishing 76.2% reduction in the number of cars in the CBD. It was found that during the restricted hours in response to the ALS, carpools increased their market share by 96.9% by increasing from 12.7% of the vehicles to 30.2%. Additionally, some of the commuters switched to public transportation and the percentage of commuters traveling by bus increased from 35.9% to 43.9%. However, not all of this reduction is due to a decrease in the number of individuals driving their cars. It was found that many people shifted their travel times within the restricted area to just before and after the restricted hours. Additionally new "escape corridors" around the CBD experienced increasing traffic as commuters avoided the CBD and took alternate routes. Originally, part of the reduction in private vehicular use was offset by an increase in the use of taxi's within the CBD. Shortly after the enactment of the ALS (June 22), taxis were taken off the exempt list and the presence of taxis then fell to below the pre-ALS level. Finally, it was determined that the "mirror image" hoped for did not occur and those commuters that altered their morning commute hours or route did not do so on their return trip. Also, to dea


Lester 26.08.2012. 15:33

What year did gmc build first pick up truck? What year did gmc build first chevy truck


Admin 26.08.2012. 15:33

The RAPID Motor Vehicle Company was formed in 1901. General Motors bought out Rapid in 1909, along with another company called Reliant. In 1911 these two brands were merged to produce trucks, and the first GMC trucks were shown at the New York Auto Show in 1912. Chevrolet was merged into the General Motors corporate family in 1917, and started selling trucks in 1918.

Both Chevrolet and GMC designed and sold their own trucks through the end of WWII, but after that period, the two products started to grow closer together until the mid 1950's when it came to the point that the only real difference between the two light truck brands were the grille and trim, and they continue that way today.


Rooney 11.10.2012. 01:30

What innovations led to automobiles being invented? Array


Admin 11.10.2012. 01:30

Steam-powered self propelled vehicles were devised in the late 18th century. Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot successfully demonstrated such a vehicle as early as 1769. The first vehicles were steam engine powered, probably the most notable advances in steam power evolved in Birmingham, England by the Lunar Society, it was that the term Horsepower was first used. It was in Birmingham also that the first petrol driven automobiles were built in Britain in 1896 by Frederick William Lanchester who also patented the disc brake in the city. Electric vehicles were produced by a small number of manufacturers. In the 1890s, ethanol was the first fuel used by cars in the U.S. In 1919, alcohol Prohibition destroyed corn-alcohol stills which many farmers used to make low cost ethanol fuel. Later on gasoline and diesel engines were implemented. Brazil is the only country which produces ethanol-running cars, since the late 1970's.

Cugnot's invention initially saw little application in his native France, and the center of innovation passed to Britain, where Richard Trevithick was running a steam-carriage in 1801. Such vehicles were in vogue for a time, and over the next decades such innovations as hand brakes, multi-speed transmissions, and improved speed and steering were developed. Some were commercially successful in providing mass transit, until a backlash against these large speedy vehicles resulted in passing laws that self-propelled vehicles on public roads in Britain must be preceded by a man on foot waving a red flag and blowing a horn. This effectively killed road auto development in the UK for most of the rest of the 19th century, as inventors and engineers shifted their efforts to improvements in railway locomotives. The red flag law was not repealed until 1896.

The first automobile patent in the United States was granted to Oliver Evans in 1789; in 1804 Evans demonstrated his first successful self-propelled vehicle, which not only was the first automobile in the USA but was also the first amphibious vehicle, as his steam-powered vehicle was able to travel on wheels on land and via a paddle wheel in the water.

It is generally claimed that the first automobiles with gasoline powered internal combustion engines were completed almost simultaneously in 1886 by German inventors working independently: Carl Benz on 3 July 1886 in Mannheim, resp. Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart (also inventors of the first motor bike). On November 5, 1895, George B. Selden was granted a United States patent for a two-stroke automobile engine. This patent did more to hinder than encourage development of autos in the USA. A major breakthrough came with the historic drive of Berta Benz in 1888. Steam, electric, and gasoline powered autos competed for decades, with gasoline internal combustion engines achieving dominance in the 1910s.

The large scale, production-line manufacturing of affordable automobiles was debuted by Oldsmobile in 1902, then greatly expanded by Henry Ford in the 1910s. Early automobiles were often referred to as 'horseless carriages', and did not stray far from the design of their predecessor. Through the period from 1900 to the mid 1920s, development of automotive technology was rapid, due in part to a huge (hundreds) number of small manufacturers all competing to gain the world's attention. Key developments included electric ignition and the electric self-starter (both by Charles Kettering, for the Cadillac Motor Company in 1910-1911), independent suspension, and four-wheel brakes.

By the 1930s, most of the technology used in automobiles had been invented, although it was often re-invented again at a later date and credited to someone else. For example, front-wheel drive was re-introduced by Andre CitroŽn with the launch of the Traction Avant in 1934, though it appeared several years earlier in road cars made by Alvis and Cord, and in racing cars by Miller (and may have appeared as early as 1897). After 1930, the number of auto manufacturers declined sharply as the industry consolidated and matured. Since 1960, the number of manufacturers has remained virtually constant, and innovation slowed. For the most part, "new" automotive technology was a refinement on earlier work, though these refinements were sometimes so extensive as to render the original work nearly unrecognizable. The chief exception to this was electronic engine management, which entered into wide use in the 1960s, when electronic parts became cheap enough to be mass-produced and rugged enough to handle the harsh environment of an automobile. Developed by Bosch, these electronic systems have enabled automobiles to drastically reduce exhaust emissions while increasing efficiency and power.


james 19.01.2008. 18:31

is ford now better than toyota? I have been looking at the corolla and the focus and the corolla is not getting good ratings, and the Focus is getting excellent ratings. Why is that? Is Toyota's quality going downhill?


Admin 19.01.2008. 18:31

AS GOOD AS according to Reports and Ford is getting BETTER while Toyota is getting WORST:

The J.D. Power and Associates annual Initial Quality Study (IQS), released Wednesday, showed long-time leader Toyota Motor Corp. (TM:toyota motor corp sp adr rep2com
News, chart, profile, more continuing to lose ground in the study, with its high-volume Toyota brand slipping behind Honda Motor Co. and barely outpacing Ford's Mercury brand. Ford was the most-awarded company on a vehicle-by-vehicle basis....


The quality of Ford, Lincoln and Mercury vehicles is virtually equal to that of Toyota and Nissan, according to the first quarter 2007 model-year Global Quality Research ... MoreĽSystem (GQRS) report. Ford, Lincoln and Mercury brand vehicles are at 1456 TGWs compared with Nissan at 1457 and Toyota at 1453 TGWs per 1,000 vehicles....


At some point, Toyota became a victim of its own success. The company?s double quick expansion, from perennial underdog to voracious overlord, has compromised their unique selling point: product quality. Specifically, Toyota has suffered a plague of recalls around the world. In 2003, the automaker recalled 200k American vehicles. In 2004, the number increased fivefold, to a little over one million vehicles. In the following year, the number leaped again, more than doubling to 2.2 million. So far this year, Toyota has announced five recalls affecting approximately 900K vehicles.

Again, Toyota?s rapid growth is to blame. For one thing, the company?s design centers have been understaffed. The shortage of in-house talent has forced Toyota to outsource, relying on its parts suppliers to design key components. At the same time, the automaker has increased the amount of parts sharing among different models. The practice has dramatically increased the scope of a "single" failure, as witnessed by last October's recall of 1.27m Japanese vehicles. Goldman Sachs estimates that design faults (e.g. rubber parts not thick enough to withstand engine heat and joints too weak to hold together) account for 68% of Toyota?s 2004 recalls.

Andrew Phillips of Nikko Citigroup stated "Toyota's resources have been stretched quite a bit by the big increases in volume." Shinsei Securities analyst Yasuhiro Matsumoto lays the blame for Toyota?s declining quality squarely on Katsuaki Watanabe?s shoulders. He claims the CEO?s constant focus on cost cutting has created devastating production glitches. The resulting quality issues have become so alarming that Watanabe recently admitted, "I take this seriously and see it as a crisis." It?s just as well; Goldman Sachs analyst Kunihiko Shiohara estimates that it may take Toyota four years or more to achieve "a fundamental turnaround in quality levels.?


Bernhard 04.05.2013. 15:21

What (alternative plans) should Hitler have done in order to conquer Russia? What did he miss out? Array


Admin 04.05.2013. 15:21

Hitler never had a Fully Mechanized Army throughout WW2 the Nazis used over 2.75million Horses Mostly to Drag their artillery and foot soldiers supply carts

He used 750,000 in Operation Barbarossa

German Army entered World War II with 514,000 horses, and over the course of the war employed, in total, 2.75 million horses and mules; average number of horses in the Army reached 1.1 million

The German infantry division had approximately 5,300 horses, 1,100 horse-drawn vehicles, 950 motor vehicles, and 430 motorcycles. In 1943, due to the great difficulties in supply and upkeep of motor vehicles in the wide stretches of the Eastern Front, the allotment to divisions in that theater was reduced to approximately 400 motor vehicles and 400 motorcycles, and the number of horses was increased to some 6,300. The 1944-type divisions had about 4,600 horses, 1,400 horse-drawn vehicles, 600 motor vehicles, and 150 motorcycles.

and Hitler underestimated the Resolve of the Russian People even as Bad as the Russian and the Sherman tanks were it took about 4 to take out a Tiger the mass construction of the USA and Russia it was a matter of attrition as the Nazis had in most cases Insufficient artillery to counter any allied tank attack as Both battles of El Alamain showed

Not many people know that the greatest use of horses in any military conflict in history was by the Germans in WWII: 80% of their entire transport was equestrian. Despite all the propaganda about Blitzkrieg, formidable German R&D, industrial design and production, the day to day mechanics of that fighting force involved an average of 1.1 million horses throughout the war. Of the 322 German divisions in the middle of the war - 1943 - only 52 were armored or motorized.

The allies by comparison enjoyed the strategic advantage of the USA's ability to mass produce motorized vehicles, with low unit cost and rapid quantity production, coupled with relatively easy access to fuel worldwide.

The German infantry division had approximately 5,300 horses, 1,100 horse-drawn vehicles, 950 motor vehicles, and 430 motorcycles. In 1943, due to the great difficulties in supply and upkeep of motor vehicles in the wide stretches of the Eastern Front, the allotment to divisions in that theater was reduced to approximately 400 motor vehicles and 400 motorcycles, and the number of horses was increased to some 6,300. The 1944-type divisions had about 4,600 horses, 1,400 horse-drawn vehicles, 600 motor vehicles, and 150 motorcycles.

the Nazis desperately needed fuel the British Intercepted this message from albert speer in Oct 1940 to Hitler Germany will Run out of Fuel in 2 Years that was why Montgomery was slow He forced Rommel to come to Him

Battle of the Bulge a Great Tactic that should have worked But for the Arrogance of the German General who Massacred Americans at Malmady then took siege to Basogne where taking Antwerp was the most important the allied FUEL dump then the Germans could have destroyed the allied Supply line from Normandy

At the Red Ball's peak, 140 truck companies were strung out with a round trip taking 54 hours as the route stretched nearly 400 miles to First Army and 350 to Patton's Third. Rookard recalled convoys rolling all day every day regardless of the weather. Night driving was hard because of blackout rules.

on the 27 Dec 1944 the German Tanks at the Battle of the Bulge Ran out of Fuel the Tank commanders Burnt their tanks and walked Back to Germany

Basically Germany needed Fuel Millions of Tons of the Stuff that way we as the Victors would Not have found Trucks tanks and Aircraft still in the Factories or store because of a lack of Fuel
Germany's best Year for Manufacturing was 1943

No matter What Standard Oil Of New Jersey did their petrochemical Plant at Auschwitz did Not supply enough even though it did extend WW2 by over 2 Years

Hitler Lost 4 million barrels a Year when he attacked Russia

to stand a Chance of winning WW2 Hitler needed oil/fuel taking North Africa whilst the British army was at Dunkirk would have put the British out of WW2 within 3 months as there was No Lend Lease and all of Britain fuel and Oil came from Either Iran 14 million tons a year and Egypt 500,000 barrels a Year

there were Lots of Reason why battles were Lost But Fuel and Horses from 1940 were the Main cause the USA and UK were a Mechanised army

the British Losses in equipment at Dunkirk were

Left behind in France were 2,472 guns, almost 65,000 vehicles and 20,000 motorcycles; also abandoned were 416,000 short tons (377,000 t) of stores, more than 75,000 short tons (68,000 t) of ammunition and 162,000 short tons (147,000 t) of fuel. 30,000?40,000 French troops were captured in the Dunkirk pocket. and not a single Horse


Aaron 19.11.2009. 17:21

Does anyone know anything about the history of the Electric car? When was it invented? Why didn't it take off etc?...


Admin 19.11.2009. 17:21

How much detail do you need?

In brief the electric vehicle was invented at the beginning of the 19th century after the steam engine was applied to a vehicle and before the invention of the internal combustion engine (ICE.)

At the turn of the century (1900) the biggest pollution problem was dealing with too many horse dead bodies (17000/year in one city) and excrement on the streets. Electric cars were part of the solution and they held about an equal market share to steam driven cars with ICE crank start vehicles coming in third.

Thomas Edison was shipping batteries to Ford for prototype electric vehicles. They were shipped in working order but never arrived that way. Then his production facilities mysteriously burnt down. Both technologies would improve as their market share declined giving way to the ICE / electric motor hybrid. But at that time electric motor was only used to start the ICE engine.

A focus might then be turned to electric rail transportation. This was an ideal usage for electric motor transportation. In the US this was mostly killed by National City Lines a company owned by Standard Oil, GM and Firestone. Subsequent criminal lawsuits provided a "slap on the wrist."

GM won a solar car challenge and the engineers were then inspired to come up with a production vehicle. The Impact was a prototype for the EV1. CARB (California air resources board) seeing that a zero emissions vehicle (ZEV) was possible created a mandate by the same name. The regulation called for a phased in requirement for a small amount of ZEVs to be sold by any manufacturer selling cars in California (2% to a max of 10%) GM already had the worldwide rights to use the Ovonic, NM HI battery but didn't use it when GM introduced the EV1 with all the enthusiasm suggestive of an unwanted child. Later GM sued CARB and its members individually to have the mandate removed. It was successful, recalled and crushed its vehicles. The movie, "Who killed the Electric Car" is about these events.

Toyota sold its RAV 4ev and the NM HI batteries in it have been extremely successful, lasting over 150,000 miles in some vehicles. GM sold the Ovonic rights to Texaco and 6 days later this was bought out by the Standard oil baby of Chevron. Chevron sued to make sure that the NM HI battery was not used in electric vehicles. Later rumors suggest that GM sold it's rights to the EV1 to "a major oil company."

High oil prices and a concern for global climate change has provided an interest in developing electric vehicles. The Tesla Roadster stands today as a challenge to anyone who says that an EV can't be built that has an adequate range, performance or style. Converted electric vehicles are consistently winning races at drag strips. Like most "new" technologies battery technologies will become cheaper as technology improves. Present technological solutions for electric vehicle range include sometimes series hybrids, swapping batteries, rapid charging from stationary batteries and connection to transmitted power.


Izzia 11.05.2012. 02:52

what is the economic system of egypt? what is the economic system of egypt,
and the main economic activities and the data on the countrys education and literacy!
thank you :)


Admin 11.05.2012. 02:52

Egypt's economic system is market-oriented. Market-Oriented is a business approach or philosophy that focuses on identifying and meeting the stated or hidden needs or wants of the customers, through.As Egypt is known for it?s mixed economic system ,Compared with other emerging markets, Egypt's private sector is tiny.

The public sector still accounts for almost 70 per cent of GDP despite the fact that hundreds of public enterprises have been wholly or partly privatized during the past four years.Judging, however, by the rapid growth of some of the country's largest family-owned businesses, this is unlikely to hold true five years from now. Raouf Ghabbour, chairman of Ghabbour Group, a family business and the country's largest assembler and distributor of motor vehicles, says there are hundreds of medium-sized companies which are growing fast enough to qualify for joint-stock status within three or four years.

The Main Economic activities are,

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sen 10.01.2007. 09:38

When was the brand Pontiac was started? Array


Admin 10.01.2007. 09:38

As a Brand Pontiac was conceived in and incorporated in July of 1899. The Pontiac Spring and Wagon Works With Oakland its 1st car was 1908 Using the Pontiac 6 called the The Cartercar

By 1905 they had taken over the manufacturing of the Rapid Truck (from the Rapid Motor Vehicle Co) And decided to build its own car. The first deliveries were probably made in early 1908. Very light and small car.

"The Car That's Built to Get There" Slogan

2 totally different Models at the same time a 1st for any small company... Mr Durrant of GM took notice...Then
In January 1909, General Motors Corp. President, William C. Durant, purchased a 50% interest in the Oakland Motor Car Company. Later that year GM, bought out the other 50% after the unexpected death of Walter M. Murphy at the age of 45. Also in 1909, GM also purchased the Rapid Motor Vehicle Co.

The Wippet (used the Pontiac design 4) 1924 25 26

With Oakland 1st Oakland/Pontiac model sold 1926 as OP

The 1st and only Pontiac Pickup (GM) was Built and Sold in 1929

The 1st Pontiac (GM) model of car without Qakland was
1930 Model 6-30B 6 cylinder

Good Question.....


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