Conducting Successful Training Activities

Comments (20)

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Whether you are training preschoolers in the classroom or executives in the board room, here are 15 premises you might want to keep in mind the next time you're designing training activities.

1.) Everybody has the capacity to learn.

2.) Everybody learns at his own pace.

3.) The trainee learns only when he is ready and is motivated.

4.) Training must, therefore, get the trainee ready and motivated by satisfying his needs.

5.) Training must, therefore, begin at the trainee's level of comprehension.

6.) Begin with the simple information and progress to the complex.

7.) Use mutually familiar frames of reference.

8.) Make the training meaningful by systematically organizing it.

9.) Provide relevant and timely supporting materials in adequate quantities.

10.) Watch for and avoid trainee boredom by using variety in your activities, materials, and speaking manner.

11.) Provide trainees with feedback and reinforcement about their participation.

12.) Provide ample time for repetition and practice.

13.) Give trainees the opportunity to adapt the training to new and different situations.

14.) Reassure the trainee and use his experiences.

15.) Make the training practical by developing an agenda that's practical.

Follow these premises and you'll find that your activities will become increasingly successful.

Remember: When you maximize your potential, everyone wins. When you don't, we all lose.

Copyright Etienne A. Gibbs, MSW

About the Author

Etienne A. Gibbs, MSW, Management Consultant and Trainer, conducts seminars, lectures, and writes articles on his theme: "... helping you maximize your potential." For more information visit, or email him at


J 13.07.2010. 07:36

Can you still become a green beret with a disorderly conduct misdemeanor? I have a disorderly conduct on my record and I was wodering if I can still join the green berets or even if I can still join the army.


Admin 13.07.2010. 07:36

The US Army Special Forces will accept your application with a disorderly conduct charge. This will greatly depend on the circumstances of the charge and that it will not be repeated at a further time. In consideration of the military's lowering of the recruiting standards as of 2010. One can now join and become an 18X for a 3 year commitment. There are recruiting incentives for qualified SF candidates. The Army as a whole has suffered lower recruiting numbers and have dropped the standards for basic recruiting and for some SF goals, the standards are lowered as well. The 18 series is the MOS (Military Occupational Series for Special Forces...the X means that it would be a variable). Once one completes Basic Training, one must complete Basic Jump School and then be accepted into the Q Course and pass through the Robin Sage stage. One would also have to be selected by the Cadre' staff once all these courses are complete. Once accepted, one would be either asked or designated for the numerous 18 Series of schools, 18B...Weapons Sergeant, 18D Special Forces Medic and so forth. Once successful completion of the trainees specific course, they may be sent to D Lab for Language training (Farsi & Pashtu are the most popular now). One may even get lucky enough to go to HALO school. Be advised that one's general intelligence will have to score high on one's ASVAB score to qualify. GT ratings must be about 120. Remember above all that Special Forces work will require one to get and retain numerous security clearances and if there is some compromising criminal activity in ones past, it may shoot you down even before you begin.

However, if you are selected for a 18X program, plan on about 2 years of training hard before one gets to serve on a team as your most basic member. If it was easy, everyone would do it.


Gatlin 20.08.2007. 09:19

How To Design A Team Building & Training Workshop For Corporate Clients, Consultancy? I need to design and develop a 4-day, 12 hr/day management seminar plus workshop for mid-level corporate executives. I'm from the HR dept (recently promoted), and while I'm good at communications -- i.e., I can deliver the message effectively -- I have a hard time designing training modules that will make the job easier and effective. Would appreciate it if you could provide resources and links to help design, develop and conduct workshops effectively. I'll be happy if these ideas could apply to private consultancy practice as well.


Admin 20.08.2007. 09:19

Executive leadership seminars are a two-point agenda: (a) to bring in management participants, and (b) to convert those participants into paying clients (or effective mployees). The first part is a sales and marketing function; it's the second where the HR comes in to take up the cudgels for his/her company.

The best way to design and develop a workshop or seminar is to start with modules that have already been developed. If you're looking to conduct a seminar / workshop on say Corporate Culture and Ethics, the worst you can do is start from scratch. Never do that. You'll just waste precious time. What you should do is to look out for someone within your company or elsewhere who has already developed a similar module and then, customize it to your requirements.

By customize, I don't been copy or steal from it. I mean, look for ideas and inspiration from a work that's already there on paper. Look at how that person visualized his workshop and conceptualized the ideas related to it. What were the specific things he implemented, and in what order? What were his unique experiences, priorities and constraints? What were the problems, roadblocks and overlooked factors that he later realized and rectified. Also, did he have a last-minute change of mind, change of design, change of team even -- and what was the time frame within which he got the workshop designed, developed and ready for corporate consumption?

There's nothing like third-party experience to gain a first hand knowledge of workshop design. Presentation skills workshops, business writing workshops, sales presentation training, coaching workshops and corporate team building activities all become successful (and effective) only through idea brainstorms and smart customization.


Dave 16.07.2009. 17:28

What does an elementary school counselor do on a day- to-day basis? I am considering this as a career, and I am curious what the job duties are and whether it is a rewarding job.


Admin 16.07.2009. 17:28

What does an elementary school counselor do from day to day? Let's see....first of all you need to be a certified, specially trained, caring person, a faculty member who provides guidance to ALL students, a resource person, a coordinator a consultant, a group leader,a person who helps teachers, parents, students and administrators, a friend .In order to qualify you need :a Bachelors degree ,a Master?s degree with counseling certification ,knowledge of elementary school programs ,competence in human relations

NOW for the day to day and this is where the fun REALLY BEGINS.....Got your earplugs on? Are you ready for these little darlings? Got your tennis shoes on? (Or in some cases, I know principals and teachers, who actually have worn skates on occasion. It was fun for the kids....

Your daily job will include your ability to help students develop a positive attitude toward school and learning ,
help students develop good relationships with peers, parents, teachers and siblings; help students improve their communication skills and develop effective decision-making strategies ,help students deal with personal concerns, developmental tasks, crises, school related problems, home concerns, academic struggles, behavioral concerns, health and physical development ,help to ease the transitions between school settings, plan and implement with teachers a program of activities designed to enhance the personal social/emotional development of elementary students (such as interacting the community arts, crafts and social involvements).Consults with parents regarding academic, behavioral, or social development of their child;Coordinates academic programs within the school.

The students often will have to visit the Counselor; there may be referrals from teachers; referrals by other students, parents.

Why would a student need to see a Counselor?

To understand abilities and limitations to adjust to a new school to find answers to concerns to develop skills in getting along with others to adjust to family transitions to achieve in school to share friendships .

Why does the counselor conduct small group meetings and classroom guidance lessons?

To help students develop personal understanding and self-awareness to enhance self-confidence and self-esteem to encourage students to recognize and make the best use of their capabilities to provide opportunities for students to feel successful to give students opportunities to talk about educational, personal and social concerns to encourage students to recognize, understand, and work through learning difficulties to help students better adjust to school and home environments .

A counselor's job is many. They often faciliate the standardized testing that permeates our schools. They have to coordinate with the State's rules, mandates and standards and make sure that these are executed by the Principals and teachers within the school.

Many Counselors interact with the State system, Juvenile system, Police and Prison systems with regards to students' needs, family issues, and day to day activities that can occur.

It's a big job. Like teaching, not often appreciated, but certainly just as important. I have given you more than you really asked here, but as a teacher, Team leader and Coordinator for my school, I find that people are not often prepared or told everything they need to know. I am just detailed in my thinking. I hope I have been of help.


Joshua 08.01.2013. 20:37

How do you become a WWE Superstar? Besides learning how to fight. What steps do you have to take to become sponsored or picked or whatever?


Admin 08.01.2013. 20:37

If you want to become a WWE Superstar, you must have at least 3 to 5 years experience of professional wrestling. You should go to a wrestling school. They will teach you all the wrestling moves you need to do to become a wrestler.Get a professional trainer to help get you into the best condition for a wrestler.You probably won't be able to join the WWE right away after you have completed wrestling school. Find a minor wrestling organization. If you perform well there, then your chances of making it to the WWE will increase. You may then send a resume and a videotape of your work to:

World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc.
Attention: Talent Relations
1241 East Main Street
Stamford, CT 06902

WWE is looking for individuals that possess a number of unique attributes that, either by themselves or combined, play a role in the success of a WWE Superstar.

Athletic ? Willing and able to engage in intense, physically demanding activities on a daily basis. WWE is a highly athletic style of performance that requires individuals be in excellent physical condition. All prospective Talent are required to pass a rigorous medical evaluation prior to joining WWE.

Charismatic ? Do you have ?IT?? Do you stand out in a crowd? Do you have a special or magnetic charm or appeal?

Determined ? A strong conviction to succeed coupled with physical and mental strength. Gaining knowledge of WWE?s in-ring product requires the constant application of lessons taught both in and out of the ring. WWE is looking for individuals who are consistently willing go the extra mile.

Coachable ? The ability to listen and learn. Successful superstars are good listeners, open-minded and adaptable.

Professional ? Be held to a high standard of conduct at all times. As public figures, WWE Superstars are subject to the same scrutiny as other sports figures or celebrities and, as such, are expected to act accordingly both in and outside the ring. All prospective superstars are required to pass extensive background, nudity and criminal searches prior to joining WWE.

The application you submit will be your first impression with the WWE. Please fill out the application in a succinct, complete manner. The WWE is looking for quality, not quantity, with regards to the information you share on the application.

Past training experience ? Include trainer(s), length of training and State in which you trained

Professional wrestling experience - Company names, length of time in business and notable performers you worked with

Photos - WWE places heavy emphasis on ?the look? of a performer. Please include:
1 simple ?head to toe? body shot (men - without a shirt, women - in gym clothing)
1 simple head shot
If you wear a mask, please include shots of you both in and out of the mask.
If you are part of a tag team, please ensure that you include pictures of yourself alone.

Miscellaneous: Additional talents/abilities (include alternate languages spoken, athletic achievements, performance training, acting/singing ability

You can fill out an application here:


Petra W 16.04.2010. 15:18

What is a good Scout Committee Agenda? I am a Scoutmaster and our Scout Committee Meetings aren't going well. We run out of time and I think 60 min should be enough once a month. What helps your troop to make it more efficient?

Petra W

Admin 16.04.2010. 15:18

Suggested Troop Committee Meeting Agenda
1. Call the meeting to order - Chairperson
2. Welcome and introduction of new members and guests - Chairperson
3. Approval of previous meeting's minutes - Secretary
4. Reports
Scoutmaster (troop progress, actions of patrol leaders' council, disciplinary problems, attendance, monthly outing plans, other troop needs)
Secretary (newletter, additional resource surveys)
Outdoor/Activities (outdoor plans, special activities, district and council activities, summer camp update)
Treasurer (report on current financial standing, money-earning projects, Friends of Scouting)
Advancement (troop advancement progress, boards of review, courts of honor)
Chaplain (update on chaplain support to troop members, religious emblems program, participation of boys in the religious emblems program)
Training (new training materials, youth leader and adult volunteer opportunities for training)
Equipment Coordinator (status of new and existing troop equipment and of troop needs, new procedures for safe use and storage of equipment)
5. Old business (reports on task assignments from previous meeting)
6. New business (assign tasks as issues are discussed)
7. Announcements (including date of next month's troop committee meeting)
8. Adjournment
If everyone is prepared, troop committee meetings should not last longer than 1.5 hour. It is chairperson's responsibility to keep the meeting moving swiftly. There is no better way to discourage attendance than to conduct meetings that last too long with too little accomplished. The video The Barbecue: Working with the Troo Committee will also give some helpful hints on conducting committee meetings. TROOP COMMITTEE GUIDEBOOK
For Successful Troop Operation
Boy Scouts of America
1325 West Walnut Hill Lane
Irving, Texas 75038 Scout Committee Titles and Responsibilities ------- BSA Online Learning Center Troop Committee Minutes


Juxeski 26.07.2013. 17:25

How do you build and expand on an idea? I am currently doing my English assignment for situational writing but I'm a little puzzled in the difference of "creating a brand new idea" or building on the main points.
My English teacher told me to not change the main points/ create new ideas but elaborate and expand on the points.
How do you exactly elaborate a point/criteria? Isn't that similar to creating new ideas, completely different?

For instance:

To create a memorable and lasting memories,

?We should compile a book of the history of the school, with memories and photographs contributed by past and present pupils, to be presented to the Principal at the end of the term assembly. We may even be able to have it publisher with the help of some of our past pupils, so that anyone will be able to buy a copy?

How can I expand this? Any help is very much appreciated.


Admin 26.07.2013. 17:25

the web page (below) provides: The 12 Things That Successfully Convert a Great Idea Into a Reality

How many times have you been in a meeting and someone says to you, ?That?s a great idea, you should take the initiative and make it a reality.? What typically happens? Most of the time ? nothing. Most great ideas remain dormant because people don?t have the courage, resources, time and/or money to take action. And for those who take action, most are unprepared and thus find themselves spending their valuable time and money on a dream that simply goes astray.

Converting an idea into a reality (regardless of the required investment of time and money) is never an easy task. In fact, it is extremely difficult. Whether you are an entrepreneur or corporate executive, ?giving ideas life? is much like giving birth to a child. You must own the responsibility regardless of the circumstances. No one will ever understand your idea or the dynamics associated with it like you do. In this regard, you are on your own and the journey will require you to learn about yourself ? more than anything else will in your career.

As the old saying goes, ?If it were easy ? everyone would do it.?

Many articles have been written about this subject, but I have yet to read one that really digs deep enough to help one truly understand what is required mentality, physically and intellectually to go from idea to reality. Perhaps it?s because the process of cultivating an idea into a reality is a never ending cycle if you want to keep the idea alive over changing times. For example, we see this all the time with companies based on great ideas that then did not remain innovative and/or competitive enough to sustain their market leadership positions. Let?s face it, Blockbuster should have thought of the ideas behind Netflix and Redbox ? and made them a reality ? well before these two companies became their competitors.

Move up t Move down
The Most Successful Leaders Do 15 Things Automatically, Every Day
Glenn Llopis
Working with an Entrepreneurial Attitude is a Powerful Addiction
Glenn Llopis
4 Reasons Rejection Shouldn't Be Taken Personally
Glenn Llopis
The Five Hallmarks of Highly Respected Achievers
David DiSalvo
The same thing holds true in the workplace ? where according to a recent study conducted by my organization, the workforce is not innovative enough because we are trained and wired only to execute on what we are told to do. No wonder we are most proficient at completing short term, immediate tasks. On the other hand, employees are least proficient at multiplying the opportunities inherent in the initial task they were asked to complete. Yes, we should be concerned about our ability to remain competitive ? as both individuals and in our organizations.

Today?s fiercely competitive marketplace requires us all to either convert our own ideas ? or be a part of converting someone else?s ideas ? into a reality. If you are not participating in either of these activities, you must re-evaluate your purpose, what you stand for and your desire to be relevant. Everyone must be a part of cultivating innovation around the clock. You must begin to accept that embracing the entrepreneurial attitude is a requirement to cultivate growth and opportunity for the organization you lead and serve.

Entrepreneurship is no longer just a business term anymore; it?s a way of life. You don?t need to be an entrepreneur to be entrepreneurial.

Did you ever think that not being involved in innovative activities was irresponsible? Well, it is ? not just to yourself, but to those around you.

As you think about how you can begin to embrace the entrepreneurial attitude more actively, here are 12 things you must actively do ? at all times ? in order to convert ideas into reality:

see web page for the 12 things .. too much to copy/paste


KIss this 05.04.2012. 01:41

How can I start my own business? I Bake cakes custom really

KIss this

Admin 05.04.2012. 01:41

1. Identify your vision for the bakery by creating a life plan that incorporates your passion and how a bakery fits into your life goals. Defining what you expect from your bakery also helps when it's time to write the business plan. List positives and negatives involved in starting a bakery to see if the pros outweigh the cons.
2. Decide whether to start from scratch, purchase a bakery franchise or buy an existing bakery. Possible franchises include cafés such as Panera Bread, a donut shop such as Krispy Kreme or specialty pastries such as Cinnabon. Buying a bakery is the quickest way to become a bakery owner, but be cautious as to why the owner wants to sell.
3. Research the community where you plan to locate the bakery in terms of need for a bakery, whether there are enough customers, if there is a convenient location, what products the market wants and if you can provide superior customer service.
4. Write a business plan that include four major sections, a description of the bakery, the marketing plan, the management plan and the financial management plan. Use software such as Business Plan Pro to help you write the business plan.
5. Obtain financial support to start the bakery. Different sources of financial support include personal credit cards, savings, personal investments, a bank loan, venture capitalists, government grants, small business loans, loans or gifts from family or an investment by an individual who is successful in the field.
6. Conduct pre-opening activities such as obtaining any necessary licenses, permits and insurance. Open a bank account, contract suppliers, set up utilities, purchase equipment and hire and train employees. Organize these duties and hire individuals that have an expertise in these areas if needed. Keep track of the tasks and their progress in an organizer or spreadsheet.
7. Generate interest in the bakery before opening by putting up a sign as soon as possible and promoting the grand opening date. Get business cards early and hand out whenever possible to generate interest. Have a sample party as a pre-opening event for family and friends.


BIG_STING_9 25.05.2006. 23:21

can someone tell me what a FIRE TECHNICIAN does? can someone tell me what a FIRE TECHNICIAN does?


Admin 25.05.2006. 23:21

County of Fairfax, Virginia
Performs technical duties in a distinct functional area in the Fire and Rescue Department and
related work as required. Specific assignments include: apparatus, emergency medical services,
Hazardous Materials Response Team, Technical Rescue Operations Team, fire protection
equipment and systems testing, inspections, investigations, training, and supply and equipment.
Employees in this class perform technical duties in a distinct functional area. Instructions and
guidance are furnished with non-routine situations or conditions; however, employees at this
level normally exercise initiative and independent judgment. Fire Technicians assigned to Fire
Suppression differ from Firefighters in that Fire Technicians operate firefighting equipment and
perform firefighting duties as lead workers. Fire Technicians assigned to Emergency Medical
Services may be assigned to a paramedic fire engine as the advanced life support provider, driver
of an advanced life support unit, or as the crew leader on a basic life support unit. Regardless of
area of assignment, all uniformed fire and rescue personnel that are medically qualified for field
duties as a firefighter must maintain a level of fitness sufficient to enable them to participate in
fire suppression and rescue activities when the need arises, as demonstrated by successful
completion of a work performance test (unless granted light duty due to illness or
Apparatus Technician
Drives a pumper, ladder truck, tiller or rescue squad to/from alarms;
Operates a pumper at draft or fire hydrant;
Operates a specialized unit, such as a boat, hazardous materials unit, or technical rescue unit;
Inspects vehicles and mechanical equipment to ensure that they are working properly, and
reports malfunctions to supervisor;
Performs routine maintenance on vehicles and equipment;
Trains Firefighters in the safe and efficient operation and maintenance of firefighting and rescue
Coordinates and oversees work details at the station or at incidents;
Participates in firefighting, rescue, and emergency medical duties.
Emergency Medical Services Technician ? Advanced Life Support (ALS) Provider
As an ALS provider on an Advanced Life Support Unit (ALSU) or Paramedic Engine, provides
advanced emergency medical care to stabilize the condition of the critically ill/injured prior to
and during transport to a medical facility;
Administers advanced emergency medical procedures (e.g., creating airways, interpreting and
treating cardiac arrhythmias, performing defibrillation, electronic pacing, cardioversion, and/or
electro-cardiographic monitoring);
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Determines the nature and extent of injury or illness, establishes priorities for required
emergency care, and determines if Advanced Life Support Care or medivac is needed;
Drives the BLSU or ALSU to and from emergencies;
Conducts primary and secondary patient survey;
Collects pertinent information for patient assessment, including the patient's past and present
medical history and transfers this information to appropriate medical personnel;
Takes vital signs and stabilizes patient;
Conducts assessment to determine treatment of a patient with suspected respiratory,
cardiovascular, or central nervous system disorder, and begins treatment;
Determines subsequent treatment based on patient reactions, responses and conditions;
Performs cardiopulmonary resuscitation;
Carries out emergency childbirth procedures;
Treats trauma-induced injuries, and assists with the treatment of medical emergencies (e.g., drug
overdoses, seizures, diabetic reactions);
Notifies authorities of suspicion of child and elder abuse;
Operates the mobile display terminal (MDT) system;
On the station computer, enters information from written reports into the Department reporting
Prepares and presents in-station drills;
Participates in firefighting and rescue duties.
Hazardous Materials Response Team
Responds to accidental and intentional releases of hazardous materials;
Detects the presence of hazardous materials using specialized electronic instruments and
product testing materials;
Identifies the hazardous material?s chemical and physical properties by using reference books,
computerized databases, and information retrieved from industry experts;
Develops a hazardous materials incident site characterization diagram, to include topography,
location of sewers and storm drains, exposures, natural bodies of water, and location of
hazardous materials;
Develops a technical site safety action plan, to include work zones, evacuation plans, ?hot zone?
action levels, and other emergency procedures for all site workers;
Obtains gas, liquid, or soil samples to evaluate hazardous material concentrations;
Performs damming or diking procedures to stop the spread of hazardous material;
Performs decontamination procedures on citizens, departmental personnel, tools, and equipment;
Oversees/directs off-loading procedures when products are transferred from container to
Tests meters and equipment, and ensures sufficient haz-mat supplies are on hand;
Conducts target hazard preplanning and walk-through of buildings known to contain hazardous
material to become familiar with the layout;
Conducts, develops, and participates in hazardous materials response team training;
Participates in firefighting, rescue, and emergency medical duties.
Page 3
Technical Rescue Operations Team
Participates in underground rescues;
Stabilizes and works in building collapses, trench cave-ins, and high-angle, below-grade and
confined-space rescue situations;
Shores, and makes safe, a trench or collapsed building, and establishes a safety zone around the
trench/building collapse to prevent further collapse;
Prepares, inspects and utilizes a variety of rope systems for ascending, descending and hauling
tools, equipment and people.
Evaluates the dangers of a confined space, safely entering into and egressing from confined
spaces using personal protective clothing, gear, and breathing equipment;
Searches for victims, evaluates victim's condition, prepares victims for removal, extricates
victims, and provides basic life support;
Operates hand tools, power tools, and dewatering devices;
Ventilates a trench or confined space prior to rescue;
Excavates trenches and breeches/tunnels through structures;
Protects victims and self from utility equipment;
Develops, conducts or participates in training in all aspects of technical rescue operations;
Participates in firefighting, rescue, and emergency medical duties.
Fire Protection Equipment and Systems Testing Section
Inspects commercial buildings and facilities under construction to ensure that the components of
their fire protection water system (e.g., main water line, standpipes, sprinklers, pump) are
properly installed and comply with all applicable fire and life safety codes/standards, and that
their fire protection equipment (e.g., smoke detectors, fire alarms, stairwell pressurization, smoke
evacuation systems) operate properly;
Witnesses performance tests on fire protection equipment/systems conducted by the installing
Prepares reports on the status, test results, etc. of the fire protection equipment and systems
inspected at each job site, issues Notices of Violation and summonses, and secures warrants as
required by law;
When more than one agency has enforcement jurisdiction over identified code violations,
coordinates actions with inspectors or code enforcement personnel from other agencies (e.g.,
Department of Environmental Management, Health Department) to resolve deficiencies;
Keeps abreast of changes in code requirements, new systems technology, and other related fire
protection matters;
Attends recertification training;
Answers inquiries from contractors, developers or owners regarding fire protection equipment
and system requirements, as well as installation deficiencies;
Investigates, and assists in troubleshooting, problems in fire protection equipment and systems in
existing buildings.
Inspections Section
Inspects buildings and facilities to ensure compliance with the Virginia Statewide Fire
Prevention Code and Fairfax County Fire Prevention Codes;
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Serves as technical assistant to the Fairfax County Building Official in the enforcement of the
Virginia Petroleum Storage Tank Regulations and aspects of the Uniform Statewide Building
Code affecting life safety and fire protection prior to occupancy of the building or structure;
Prepares reports of inspection, issues Notices of Violation and summonses, and secures warrants
as required by law;
Receives and responds to telephone calls, inquiries and requests for information from the public,
business community and other government agencies regarding fire prevention regulations and
fire safety;
Coordinates inspections and code enforcement actions with other government agencies;
Attends mandated recertification training and keeps abreast of technical developments with the
fire protection and fire prevention industries.
Investigations Section
Investigates/determines the origin and cause of fires and explosions;
Interviews witnesses and examines incident scenes for evidence as to the cause;
May assist in other types of investigations (false alarms, hazardous materials incidents);
Works closely with local, state and federal law enforcement agencies in investigative functions;
Prepares reports on the results of the investigation and actions taken;
Prepares, obtains and executes search and seizure/arrest warrants;
Keeps abreast of federal, state and local statutes and ordinances pertaining to criminal
Assists the Commonwealth?s Attorney with the preparation of cases being prosecuted in court,
and testifies in court.
Training Section
As an instructor in the Fire and Rescue Academy, trains career and volunteer firefighters in a
variety of areas, including forcible entry, hose placement, ventilation techniques, search and
rescue methods, the use of tools/ropes/knots/breathing apparatus, the care and maintenance of
fire and rescue equipment, and emergency medical treatment and transportation procedures;
Determines the training objectives, develops training programs, and utilizes educational
principles to facilitate program enhancement;
Tests students to determine the skills attained;
Recommends remedial training;
Oversees practical evolutions.
Supply and Equipment Branch
Coordinates the activities of the Supply and Equipment Branch, which includes the Fire
Warehouse and the Fire and Rescue Department?s delivery truck;
Repairs fire, rescue, and emergency medical equipment (e.g., fire hose, nozzles, oxygen,
breathing apparatus, stretchers);
Coordinates special equipment repairs with outside vendors, other County agencies, and
departmental staff;
Evaluates items turned in by fire stations as to serviceability and need, using a current
Page 5
knowledge of standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), the American
National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) for
fire/rescue/emergency medical equipment and supplies;
Performs a technical review of incoming equipment/supply shipments to ensure they meet
OSHA, ANSI, NFPA, and departmental standards;
Responds to emergencies to address special supply/equipment needs;
Reviews outgoing transfer vouchers, supply requests and repair requests for accuracy.
In all functional areas
Performs housekeeping tasks at fire stations and on their grounds;
Maintains records as necessary, and completes incident reports;
Attends training sessions and participates in drills;
Participates in the physical fitness program.
In all functional areas
Knowledge of laws, regulations, departmental policies and procedures, standard operating
procedures, training manuals and safety bulletins covering the area to which assigned;
Knowledge of streets and target hazards in assigned area;
Knowledge of appropriate types of safety gear and procedures, and the ability to use them
Knowledge of the principles and practices of fire suppression;
Knowledge of firefighting equipment and supplies;
Knowledge of the principles and practices of fire prevention, the Virginia and Fairfax County
Fire Prevention Codes, other codes pertaining to fire prevention or life safety, and compliance
Ability to perform basic life support techniques, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation on
infants, children, and adults;
Ability to remain calm under stress;
Ability to use sound judgment in making independent decisions;
Ability to communicate orally in an effective manner;
Ability to maintain effective working relationships with coworkers, volunteers, and the public;
Ability to follow written and oral instructions;
Ability to coordinate or lead the work of coworkers, the public, and other workers (such as utility
workers) responding to the scene;
Ability to write complete, concise, and accurate reports;
Ability to train others in an area of specialization;
Ability to analyze situations and, giving due regard to the circumstances, adopt an effective
course of action which follows accepted practices.
Apparatus Technician
Ability to safely drive a pumper, ladder truck, rescue squad, tanker, or other Fire and Rescue
Department vehicle in all weather conditions and in other hazardous situations;
Ability to train others in all aspects of the apparatus to which assigned;
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Ability to identify the various types of hose loads and racks, deploy all hose lines carried on the
apparatus, and recognize defective hoses;
Ability to supply water from static and residual water sources and maintain proper pressure to
supply attack lines, supply lines, master stream devices, foam devices, relay operations, shuttle
operations, and fire protection systems;
Ability to operate the aerial device.
Emergency Medical Services Technician ? ALS Provider
Knowledge of advanced emergency medical procedures, techniques, drugs, and equipment
related to emergency treatment of life-threatening illnesses and injuries, familiarity with when
they should be used, and the ability to apply them appropriately;
Knowledge of Basic Life Support techniques;
Knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the major systems of the body;
Knowledge of the principles of triage, and the ability to apply them in multiple casualty
Knowledge of the causes, signs, symptoms and treatment of shock, dehydration, and
Ability to effectively rescue injured persons from hazardous situations;
Ability to comprehend medical terminology and follow complex instructions relayed by a
Ability to accurately assess and monitor a patient's condition;
Ability to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation on infants, children, and adults;
Hazardous Materials Response Team
Knowledge of soil conditions;
Knowledge of what type of leak control and containment device can be used for a given type of
leaking container and given type of hazardous material;
Knowledge of natural drainage, sanitary, and storm water management systems, and the
procedures used to handle haz-mat incidents in each;
Knowledge of basic chemistry, such as the characteristics of acids, bases, and gases;
Knowledge of sources from which to obtain authoritative information about hazardous material;
Ability to effectively rescue injured persons from hazardous situations;
Ability to read and interpret chemical data information reference materials.
Technical Rescue Operations Team
Knowledge of the basic rules of physics (e.g., the laws of force, resistance, action-reaction, use
of a fulcrum point on a lever, cause and effect of physical motion, and momentum);
Knowledge of different types of anchors and multi-anchor systems, and the ability to use them
Knowledge of different rope systems (e.g., hauling, lowering and repelling systems), and the
ability to use them properly;
Knowledge of building construction, construction materials, structural terminology and support
Knowledge of search and rescue techniques, including tunneling, breaching, and penetrating;
Knowledge of different types of structural collapses (e.g., pancake, V, and lean-to collapses);
Page 7
Knowledge of shoring and supplemental shoring procedures;
Ability to effectively rescue injured persons from hazardous situations;
Ability to read diagrams and blueprints sufficiently to effect a rescue.
Fire Protection Equipment and Systems Testing Section
Knowledge of fire protection equipment and systems;
Knowledge of basic building construction practices;
Ability to prepare concise and accurate legal notices and reports of inspection;
Ability to conduct fire safety inspections in public buildings to ensure code compliance;
Ability to read building plans to determine compliance with the Fire Prevention codes and other
pertinent codes;
Ability to effectively apply appropriate codes and standards.
Inspections Section
Knowledge of basic building construction practices;
Ability to read blueprints;
Ability to conduct inspections of buildings and facilities to ensure code compliance;
Ability to prepare concise, accurate legal notices and reports of inspection;
Ability to effectively apply appropriate codes and standards.
Investigations Section
Knowledge of investigatory practices and techniques;
Knowledge of local, state and federal statutes;
Knowledge of the judicial system;
Ability to properly process arrestee into the judicial system;
Ability to use a firearm;
Ability to recognize and gather evidence pertaining to the origin and cause of fires, explosions,
and other incidents;
Ability to effectively testify in court.
Training Section
Knowledge of instructional techniques/methods, and the ability to apply them effectively.
Supply and Equipment Branch
Knowledge of OSHA, ANSI, and NFPA standards for fire, rescue, and emergency medical
equipment and supplies;
Ability to repair fire, rescue, and emergency medical equipment to meet prescribed standards.
Any combination of education, experience, and training equivalent to:
High school graduation or a G.E.D. issued by a state department of education;
Successful completion of the post-recruit school probationary period;
Two years of paid field experience, following graduation from recruit school, as a Fairfax
County Firefighter, AND Refer to the Fairfax County Fire & Rescue Department?s Career
Development Handbook for an explanation of the promotional criteria that will be used for this
Page 8
rank. Possession of a Class A medical rating in the assigned medical group. Accommodations
will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Current Fire Technicians wishing to move from Suppression to EMS, or vice versa, may do so
by taking the Fire Technician promotional examination in the opposite specialty field.
Employees successfully completing the examination in the opposite specialty field will be placed
on the appropriate eligibility list and selected for transfer in accordance with the standard
Current certification as a Commonwealth of Virginia Emergency Medical Technician (EMT-A
or EMT-B);
Certification as a Hazardous Materials First Responder in accordance with Fairfax County
training standards;
Certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automatic electronic defibrillation
Possession of a valid Motor Vehicle Driver?s License.
Emergency Medical Services Technician ? ALS Provider
Certified as an Advance Life Support Provider at National Registry Emergency Medical
Technician/I (EMT-I) or National Registry Emergency Technician/P (EMT-P) OR as a
Commonwealth of Virginia EMT-I or EMT-P;
Certification as a full Advanced Life Support provider (Status A, B or C) in Fairfax County and
in full accordance with all current County training standards;
Certification in Advanced Cardiac Life Support; AND
Certification in Basic Trauma Life Support.
Apparatus Technician
Certification as an apparatus technician in accordance with departmental training standards.
Hazardous Materials Response Team
Certification in hazardous materials, in accordance with departmental training standards
Technical Rescue Operations Team
Certification in technical rescue operations, in accordance with departmental training standards.
Position, based on the availability of the training:
If assigned to the Fire Prevention Division:
Certification as a Fire Inspector II in accordance with the standards of the Virginia Department
of Fire Programs;
Certification as a Technical Assistant to the Fire Official in accordance with the standards of the
Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development.
Investigations Section
Certification as a Fire Investigator II in accordance with the standards of the Virginia
Department of Fire Programs;
Certification in basic law enforcement in accordance with the standards of the Virginia
Page 9
Department of Criminal Justice Services;
Semi-annual weapons qualification.
Hazardous Materials Enforcement Branch
Certification as a Fire Investigator II in accordance with the standards of the Virginia
Department of Fire Programs;
Certification in basic law enforcement in accordance with the standards of the Virginia
Department of Criminal Justice Services;
Certification in blasting and explosives enforcement;
Certification as a hazardous materials technician in accordance with Fairfax County training
Certification in hazardous material sampling and air sampling, in accordance with
Environmental Protection Agency training standards;
Semi-annual weapons qualification.
REVISED: September 3, 2004
REVISED: October 7, 1998
REVISED: June 4, 1998
REVISED: August 23, 1996
REVISED: February 14, 1991
REVISED: January 19, 1989
REVISED: October 26, 1987
REVISED: July 1977


Abe 21.05.2011. 22:41

Could I take a derringer for snakes when I go camping with Boy Scouts or is it prohibited?
The reason I ask is I have been on numerous canoe and kayaking trips in Northwest Florida and the last time we were chased by a water moccasin while we were swimming in the water. This is not the only occurrence


Admin 21.05.2011. 22:41

Yes and no, Scouting has allowances for bringing firearms to a camp out providing a NRA approved firearms instructor is present and all gun safety procedures are followed here is the "official policy"

11.Pointing any type of firearm or simulated firearm at any individual is unauthorized. Scout units may plan or participate in paintball, laser tag or similar events where participants shoot at targets that are neither living nor human representations. Units with council approval may participate in formally organized historical reenactment events, where firearms are used and intentionally aimed over the heads of the reenactment participants. The use of paintball guns, laser guns or similar devices may be utilized in target shooting events with council approval and following the Sweet 16 of BSA Safety. Council approval means the approval of the Scout Executive or his designee on a tour permit specifically outlining details of the event. (However, law enforcement departments and agencies using firearms in standard officer/agent training may use their training agenda when accompanied with appropriate safety equipment in the Law Enforcement Exploring program.)
12.Hunting is not an authorized Cub Scout or Boy Scout activity, although hunting safety is part of the program curriculum.

(The purpose of this policy is to restrict chartered packs, troops, and teams from conducting hunting trips. However, this policy does not restrict Venturing crews from conducting hunting trips or special adult hunting expeditions provided that adequate safety procedures are followed and that all participants have obtained necessary permits and/or licenses from either state or federal agencies. While hunter safety education might not be required prior to obtaining a hunting license, successful completion of the respective state voluntary program is required before participating in the activity.)


Serene E 02.01.2011. 05:00

Can I get great tax breaks having a small biz? Can I start a small biz just to get lots of tax breaks? I was thinking I could take off part of my electricity bill, part of my mortgage, etc. having a small biz out of my home.
Any experiences would be great.

Serene E

Admin 02.01.2011. 05:00

Yes, provided you are engaged in the activity to make a legitimate profit. If, on the other hand the IRS concludes you're not really trying to make a profit - the hobby loss rules will prohibit most of your "business" deductions. Here's how the IRS explains it (from

The Internal Revenue Service reminds taxpayers to follow appropriate guidelines when determining whether an activity is engaged in for profit, such as a business or investment activity, or is engaged in as a hobby.

Internal Revenue Code Section 183 (Activities Not Engaged in for Profit) limits deductions that can be claimed when an activity is not engaged in for profit. IRC 183 is sometimes referred to as the ?hobby loss rule.?

Taxpayers may need a clearer understanding of what constitutes an activity engaged in for profit and the tax implications of incorrectly treating hobby activities as activities engaged in for profit. This educational fact sheet provides information for determining if an activity qualifies as an activity engaged in for profit and what limitations apply if the activity was not engaged in for profit.

Is your hobby really an activity engaged in for profit?

In general, taxpayers may deduct ordinary and necessary expenses for conducting a trade or business or for the production of income. Trade or business activities and activities engaged in for the production of income are activities engaged in for profit.

The following factors, although not all inclusive, may help you to determine whether your activity is an activity engaged in for profit or a hobby:

Does the time and effort put into the activity indicate an intention to make a profit?
Do you depend on income from the activity?
If there are losses, are they due to circumstances beyond your control or did they occur in the start-up phase of the business?
Have you changed methods of operation to improve profitability?
Do you have the knowledge needed to carry on the activity as a successful business?
Have you made a profit in similar activities in the past?
Does the activity make a profit in some years?
Do you expect to make a profit in the future from the appreciation of assets used in the activity?

An activity is presumed for profit if it makes a profit in at least three of the last five tax years, including the current year (or at least two of the last seven years for activities that consist primarily of breeding, showing, training or racing horses).

If an activity is not for profit, losses from that activity may not be used to offset other income. An activity produces a loss when related expenses exceed income. The limit on not-for-profit losses applies to individuals, partnerships, estates, trusts, and S corporations. It does not apply to corporations other than S corporations.

What are allowable hobby deductions under IRC 183?

If your activity is not carried on for profit, allowable deductions cannot exceed the gross receipts for the activity.

Deductions for hobby activities are claimed as itemized deductions on Schedule A, Form 1040. These deductions must be taken in the following order and only to the extent stated in each of three categories:

Deductions that a taxpayer may claim for certain personal expenses, such as home mortgage interest and taxes, may be taken in full.
Deductions that don?t result in an adjustment to the basis of property, such as advertising, insurance premiums and wages, may be taken next, to the extent gross income for the activity is more than the deductions from the first category.
Deductions that reduce the basis of property, such as depreciation and amortization, are taken last, but only to the extent gross income for the activity is more than the deductions taken in the first two categories.

Hope this helps.


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