Dog Health Conditions and Terms You Should Know... Part 2

Comments (20)

Cryptorchidism is peculiar to male dogs and a condition present at birth.

The testicle/s, which developed in the abdomen, fail to descend into the scrotum. The usually underdeveloped and non-functional testicle/s should be removed, as it could turn cancerous later in life.

If the condition remains after the puppy is more than 2 months old, then the chances are it will remain so permanently.

Eye ulcers, if caught early, are easy to treat. Late treatment can be expensive for you as well as painful for your Boxer.

Dermodicosis or non-contagious mange first appears as numerous patches anywhere on the Boxer's skin. The hair will fall off, leaving bald patches in large areas, and the bald skin starts to break down, turning into crusty sores.

Atopy is itchy (pruritic) skin disease caused by allergy to something the Boxer breathes in or touch.

It cannot be cured and is the number two common allergic skin condition in dogs, after flea allergy dermatitis. Having fleas would make it worse for your Boxer.

A Boxer suffering from atopy would have itchiness particularly on the hands and feet.

He'd be chewing his paws, scratching his ears, shaking its head, scratching the muzzle or rubbing it on the ground. These same symptoms can also be brought about by food allergy.

Acne in young dogs shows as red bumps (papules) and blackheads (comedones) on the chin and lips.

Shorthaired dogs like Boxers are more likely to get them. And like in human, they start getting acne around puberty, but the problem would usually go away after one year old or so.

However, you may have to help with some topical gel medication similar to the one used by teenagers. Such lesions may become infected and develop pus, which becomes itchy for your Boxer and he starts rubbing his face in the carpet or against furniture.

Urinary incontinence in dogs can be due to a neurological lesion - something not normal with the parts of the nervous system that deal with urine regulation.

A Boxer with incontinence will dribble urine and if a neurologic lesion is the cause, then this has to be removed.

There are also other reasons not related to the nervous system like congenital defect and bacterial urinary tract infection, also known as bacterial cystitis or bladder stone.

If your Boxer leaves wet spots where he has slept and he has skin irritation from contact with the urine, then he may have incontinence.

However, wet spots around the house alone may simply mean that he drinks a lot more and needs to relieve himself often but you are not allowing him outside frequently enough. Straining while urinating and blood in the urine are two signs of bladder stone.


Boxer is among the more than 35 breeds of dogs on record to have hereditary sensorineural deafness.

The condition cannot be reversed with medications, surgery or hearing aids. Dogs also could become deaf from old age, toxicosis or infection.

How do you tell if your Boxer is deaf?

He doesn't respond to spoken commands and only responds to you when he sees you.

He keeps shaking his head and pawing his ears or turns in the wrong direction when you call him.

He sleeps more than normal and would not wake up till you physically touch him.

But not to worry, you can still have a wonderful companion in your deaf Boxer through sign language.

Dogs have been known to learn as many as 65 command words in sign language. These include signs for, among others, "stop", "potty", "drop it", "stay", "lay down", "sit", "come" and "cookie".

As extra measures, you want to keep the deaf Boxer in a safe environment as he cannot hear approaching dangers like an approaching car. So keep him on a leash and close to you when in traffic or out for walks.

On his nametag, add the word "deaf" so he will not be misunderstood if he ever gets lost. Some suggest putting a bell as well so you know where to find him if he gets lost.

And finally, if your Boxer tested positive for inherited deafness in one or both ears, do not breed him or her.

Daniel Lesser
Dog and Puppy Articles, Pictures and Resources

Part 1 is available at
Part 3 is available at

About the Author

Daniel Lesser
Dog and Puppy Articles, Pictures and Resources


whoachica00 17.10.2006. 05:19

I want to stud out my dog. What do I need to know to get started? I have a Weimaraner dog 1 and a half years old. I want to stud him out, what do I need to do to start?


Admin 17.10.2006. 05:19

(1) Finish him to his AKC Championship (CH)
Your opinion as to whether the measures up to the breed standard isn't good enough. Everyone thinks his doggy is perfect and if you hven't shown that breed, you really don't kw how the breed standard is interpeted in the ring and by the Breed Club.

(2) Have all the health exams done after he is two years old
OFA hips, OFA elbows, CERF eyes, thyroid

If they aren't Excellent or Good, he doesn't cut it.
Can't be done until he is 2 years old

Having an AKC registration doesn't mean diddlly in terms of his quality. Just means that he has a birth certificate and you can track his family. No AKC registration makes him not a member of his breed.

Stud fee value of a dog is based upon (1) his AKC titles his pedigree (fewer AKC CH, lower value), his AKC show record and annual standing in the his breed, passing all health checks (if not pass, value is automatically 0 becuase he will be transmitting a hereditary health problem) and (2) size of the ususal litter in a breed - some breeds only have 1-3 in a litter, some have 8-10.

Based upon a litter of 8-10

(1) With AKC CH, campaigned in Specials, qualifing for and winning at Westminster, having a family of ancestors that all did the same, passing all health exams = $1000 -1250

(2) With AKC, CH, shown as Specials but doesn't do well or having mediocre family without many titles, but passing all health checks = $500 -750

(3) Only part of AKC Championship done, excellent family with dam/sire Westminster winners = 300 -500

(4) Only part of AKC Championship done, family show record average -poor = 200-300

(4) No AKC championship points - never shown but excellent family with every generation titled = 150 - 250

(5) No AKC points, no or few (less than 75%) in immediate family with AKC CH = 50 -75

By the way fees are traditionally, no litter, no fee.

Without the illustrious family tree of over 80% Championships and a the dog having a Championship, not one single breeder who raises and shows your breed will have anything to do with you. The only bookings you will get will be random pet owners.

Sorry but that is the truth. At my feet is my large breed two year old whose sire commands the top fee of $1500 but has won Westminster in his breed 2 years running, has Championships in US & Canada, has sired dogs who have earned their CH, whose full sister was No 10 of all breeds in the US in the dog show rankings and finished in the top 6 at Westminster, whose dam was No 1 in the breed in showing for 4 years and finished in the top 6 at Westminster, whose sire was the No 1 in the dog show breed rankings for 6 years and the No 1 sire of dog show champions in the breed for 8 years, and he passed 7 health exams for hereditary conditions all with an excellent


Aaron 23.06.2013. 13:14

How to know whether some eatables are banned or harmful to the health? Some news are roaming all the time that, some eatable items like, lays, kurkure, maggi, pizza, burger, even bread and soft drinks like Mirinda, Bovonto are harmful to health in long term. How to get to know that which items are exactly harmful or banned in the country? Is there any website to get to know.

I have mentioned the items which are selling in India. Please clarify me for the better health.


Admin 23.06.2013. 13:14

Due to steep fall in human values, fast social change-------all banned food stuff, beverages and drugs are freely available in India.
We do not have a single political party which is totally non-corruptible.

Even certain eatables are good, they may not suit to certain individual constitution[s] causing chronic allergies and illnesses.

1. 2.In Ur diet U may include aloe vera juice, raw vegetables, green juices, raithas, salads, sprouted seeds, dry fruits, nuts,wheat grass powder, noni juice, black tea, green tea, etc.--and
3.Exclude cooked food, burgers, pizzas,noodles, Chowmein, [deep freeze & deep fried mutton, chicken red meat, beef, pork, etc.], salt, baking soda, chocolate, coffee, colas made in India, tea, Nutra Sweet with aspartame, etc. Frying, grilling, and broiling meats at very high temperatures causes chemicals to form that may increase cancer risk.
4.Potassium is another important part of the good diet. Getting enough of this mineral may help lower your blood pressure by strengthening the heart. It's best to get potassium from food instead of supplements. Aim for 4,700 milligrams (mg) a day. Try these potassium-rich foods:
? Potato: 926 mg
? Sweet potato: 540 mg
? Banana: 420 mg
? Avocado (1/2): 345 mg
Cooked spinach (1/2 cup): 290 mg
5. HOW TO IDENTIFY THE ALLERGY*** TRIGGERS: Maybe, U r taking certain foodstuff most regularly, unknowingly unsuitable to Ur body?s constitution. Fur of dogs/cats/rabbits, bird's excreta, semen of certain males, pollen grains, certain medicines, radiation from Sun?s rays @ odd hours, radiation emitting from Computers, IUD insertions for birth control , TV screens, Internet sites, etc., food stuff like spicy foods, fragrances found in products including perfumes, scented candles, laundry detergent, and cosmetics can have mild to severe health consequences. horse gram powder, wheat, soya beans, alcoholic beverages, medications like aspirin, penicillin, extremities of weather like excess cold, heat, rains, etc., hair dyes, shampoos, ointments, condoms manufactured by certain companies, certain jewellery mixed with spurious metals, etc., may be triggers of allergy to certain body-constitutions.
For permanent cure, prudent to identify the allergy-triggers and discard them from Ur diet/vicinity.
U can select Ur own foods, medicines/drugs, creams, drinks, etc., whether suitable to u or not with the aid of acupressure techniques.
? First stand straight, keep ur left hand fist closed on the heart, outstretch ur right hand parallel to the ground. Ask some one to pull down ur right hand as much as possible. Now, keep the eatable in Ur left hand palm and close the left fist and keep it on ur heart and then outstretch Ur right hand parallel to the ground. Ask some one to pull down Ur right hand. Now, if this eatable is beneficial to Ur body, resistance power shall increase. If it is harmful, Ur resistance power shall decrease/reduce and Ur right hand shall come down.
In case of a drink, u can keep it in a metal utensil, like copper and do so as explained above. In this fashion, U can identify the foods which are suitable or not to Ur body; not withstanding the disease conditions.
But, who cares in this very fast changing scenario?


Artichoke 16.12.2007. 17:37

How can I rescue dogs from puppy mills...? I feel so bad, what can I do to help dogs at puppy mills, not just adopting them but help get the message through, please list everything including links. Thank you.


Admin 16.12.2007. 17:37

The very best thing you can do is educate others!
"10 Ways You Can Help Fight Puppy Mills

1. Do Not Buy Your Puppy From a Pet Store
That puppy who charmed you through the pet shop window has most likely come from a large-scale, substandard commercial breeding facility, commonly known as a puppy mill. In these facilities, parent dogs are caged and bred as often as possible, and give birth to puppies who could have costly medical problems you might not become aware of until after you bring your new pet home.

2. Make Adoption Your First Option
If you?re looking to make a puppy part of your family, check your local shelters first. Not only will you be saving a life, but you will ensure that your money is not going to support a puppy mill. There are many dogs waiting for homes in shelters all across the country?and an estimated one in four is a purebred! Your second option is breed rescue. If your heart is set on a specific breed you haven?t been able to find in a shelter, you can do an Internet search for a breed-specific rescue organization.

3. Know How to Recognize a Responsible Breeder
If you?ve exhausted your options for adopting and are choosing to buy from a breeder, remember that responsible breeders have their dogs? interests in mind. They are not simply interested in making a sale, but in placing their pups in good homes. A responsible breeder should screen you as thoroughly as you screen them! Read the ASPCA?s responsible breeding statement to find out more about how a responsible breeder behaves.

4. See Where Your Puppy Was Born and Bred
One sign that you are speaking to an unscrupulous breeder is that they will not let you see the facility in which your puppy was born. Always ask to see the breeding premises and to meet both parents (or at least the mother) of the puppy you want to take home. You should also ask for an adoption contract that explains?in terms you understand?the breeder?s responsibilities, health guarantee and return policy.

5. Internet Buyers, Beware!
Buying a puppy from the Internet is as risky as buying from a pet store. If you buy a puppy based on a picture and a phone call, you have no way of seeing the puppy?s breeding premises or meeting his parents. And those who sell animals on the Internet are not held to the Animal Welfare Act regulations?and so are not inspected by the USDA.

6. Share Your Puppy Mill Story with the ASPCA
If you have?or think you have?purchased a puppy-mill puppy, please tell us your story. Every bit of evidence gives us more power to get legislation passed that will ban puppy mills.

7. Speak Out!
Inform your state and federal legislators that you are disturbed by the inhumane treatment of dogs in puppy mills, and would like to see legislation passed that ensures that all animals bred to be pets are raised in healthy conditions. You can keep up-to-date about current legislation to ban puppy mills by joining the ASPCA Advocacy Brigade.

8. Tell Your Friends
If someone you know is planning on buying a puppy, please direct them to our puppy mill information at Let them know that there are perfectly healthy dogs in shelters waiting to be adopted.

9. Think Globally
Have a webpage, a MySpace page or a blog? Use these powerful tools to inform people about puppy mill cruelty by adding a link to our puppy mill information at

10. Act Locally!
When people are looking to buy or adopt a pet, they will often ask the advice of their veterinarian, groomer or pet supply store. Download and print our flyers and ask to leave them in the offices of your local practitioners. "


Aaron 12.11.2012. 03:22

I have a 2 year old miniature australian shepherd that crys and shakes when it rains and storms..? Is this typical for all miniature australian shepherds to have high anxiety like that? We have to drug him to calm him down?


Admin 12.11.2012. 03:22

Thunderstorm phobia or anxiety in dogs is a fairly common and very real problem for many dogs. Dogs with thunderstorm phobia become extremely frantic and overwhelmed with fear during storms. Astraphobia is the technical term for this: the fear of thunder and lightning.

There are some things you can do to prevent your dog from reacting adversely to the triggers of thunderstorms, or at least minimize the reaction. First of all, never leave your dog outside during storms. Next, examine your own behavior and that of other people in the home. Your dog will react to human anxiety, fear and stress, even if it is not related to the storm. Do your best to remain relaxed and upbeat. Perhaps the most important thing you can do is to go about your usual routine. Do not pay special attention to your dog when he is exhibiting signs of fear or anxiety. Though it may seem like your dog needs comforting, coddling and praising your dog reinforces and rewards the unwanted behavior.

There are ways you can indirectly comfort your dog during thunderstorms (or other sources of fear and anxiety). One thing you can try is to provide a comfortable hiding place in the quietest part of your home. A crate with a soft bed inside and covered with a sheet might make your dog feel safer. Try playing music or white noise to drown out the noise. Consider trying a CD like Through a Dog's Ear. In addition, using Dog Appeasing Pheromone (DAP) in the "safe place" might also help. Some dogs benefit from a type of wrap, like the Thundershirt, that is believed to provide some comfort during times of anxiety, stress and fear.

If your dog does calm down and stops reacting to the storm, respond with calm praise and rewards. Consider distracting your dog from the remainder of the storm by practicing basic commands or playing a game of tug-of-war.

Dogs with severe thunderstorm phobia will need the help of a professional. A veterinary behaviorist can help you establish a desensitization or conditioning program. Talk to your primary veterinarian about potential treatments, including herbal therapies such as Rescue Remedy (compare prices). In most cases, prescription medication is very successful in conjunction with desensitization or conditioning. Though many dog owners shy away from these types of medications, the benefit outweighs the means in serious cases. Your vet may prescribe an anti-anxiety medication like Xanax (alprazolam) or Valium (diazepam) that can be given at the first sign of a storm. Some dogs will need to be on longer-term medications that are given daily to keep anxiety under control.

Because thunderstorm phobia is likely to become worse over time, it is important to take action when you first notice the signs. Do not wait to address the phobia until it is very severe - it will be that much harder to reverse. Just as stress is a health risk for humans, the same applies for dogs. Thunderstorm phobia can become a very serious problems that will adversely affect your dog's health and quality of life. Act now for the sake of your dog.


Spamela 07.05.2007. 13:26

Why are fatty tumors so common in dogs? Why are older dogs so prone to fatty tumors? I (mistakenly) assumed that if my dog had less fat on his body, his tumors would disappear. He's always been quite trim, but he has 2 movable, grape-like lumps that the vet said are fatty tumors. What causes them, and are there any natural treatments to make them go away? I worry because the second one arrived shortly after the first, and if I don't know what's causing them, I can't prevent them. My dog is mixed breed, short-hair, 11 years old. Thanks!


Admin 07.05.2007. 13:26


Background: Composed of mature fat cells and connective tissues, a lipoma is a benign growth commonly felt beneath the skin in dogs. These "fatty tumors" are quite common in middle-aged and older female dogs, although they affect both sexes. Generally, they do not pose a serious health risk to pets, although occasionally they can grow quite large and begin to cause problems.
A tumor is a lump of cells that does not obey the normal rules of cell growth. Normally, cells grow until chemical messengers in the body tell them to stop growing. Tumor cells do not listen to these messengers and continue to grow. There are two types of tumor. The first type is called benign, usually growing slowly and does not generally spread to other parts of the body. The other type of tumor is malignant, which push through nearby organs or may spread to other tissues. Most fatty tumors are benign. They are neither painful, nor will they cause serious problems unless they grow between muscles or are so large that they cause mechanical problems, such as difficulty walking. Though rare, fatty tumors may become malignant, in which case they need to be surgically removed. Hopefully, your pet's tumor does not match any of the above criteria. It is very important that you keep a close watch on your pet's tumor. Although your pet's tumor is not a problem at this point in time, it may become a problem later down the road. It is good to document the size of your pet's tumor using general terms to identify the size (pea size, egg size). Each month you should reevaluate the size of the tumor. If any changes occur, you should contact your veterinarian immediately.

Your veterinarian can evaluate the size and appearance of your pet's growth at each subsequent examination and stay alert, well in advance, if surgery becomes necessary. With a little extra care, you make sure that your pet lives a long, happy, healthy life.

Clinical Signs:Lipomas appear as bulges under the skin which range in size from pea-sized to wide masses spanning a section of the abdomen or chest wall. They usually feel somewhat spongy and are freely moveable under the skin. They may grow very slowly, or not at all once they appear. You should always carefully monitor any mass or tumor on your pet?s body, including lipomas.

Have your pet examined by a veterinarian, if any of the following occurs:

The tumor is growing rapidly.
The tumor, after a long period of no growth, has suddenly started to grow again.
The tumor begins to change its appearance. It was formerly soft and now is hard. Or was formerly smooth and circular and now is beginning to grow nodular and lumpy.
The tumor is beginning to interfere with walking or movement, which may happen if the lump is near the hip or elbow.
The tumor is in a location where any growth will cause it to either be difficult or impossible to remove such as on the paw or leg.
Your pet is biting at the tumor and causing it to become infected or bleed.
In these cases, your veterinarian will probably suggest that the tumor be either biopsied or removed altogether.

Diagnosis: Any visible tumor or mass should be shown to a veterinarian to rule out the possibility of a cancerous mass. Lipomas are usually quickly diagnosed by obtaining a small sample of cells with a syringe and viewing them under the microscope. Sedation is rarely necessary to obtain a cell sample.

Treatment: Most lipomas are left untreated because they pose few health risks. However, very large or unsightly tumors may be surgically removed.

You should not rely, on the veterinary advice or any other information provided on this site for the diagnosis or treatment of any specific condition. You should always consult your own veterinarian for specific advice concerning the medical condition or general treatment of your pet. accepts no liability related to the veterinary advice and information provided on this site.


Aaron 21.07.2013. 16:41

what age do german shepherds get hip dysplasia? I have a 6 year old german shepherd, i'm really anxious whether he will start getting it at his age now!!?? :(


Admin 21.07.2013. 16:41

[Julie D] is VERY wrong when she states:
"If they have it, they're born with it as it's an inherited condition. It's not something that's just acquired."

Possibly she doesn't understand the significance of the word "condition", let alone know & understand the correct term for the emergence of the problems known as Elbow Dysplasia and Hip Dysplasia - the term being "developmental disorder".

The alleles for ED and HD are inherited - and so the first real question is
"How many pairs of those alleles did this individual inherit?"
(they affect more than just dogs. Humans get them, and HD has been found on dinosaur fossils - the disorder has been around for millions of years).

?? But NO pup or person or dinosaur is BORN with HD. ??

If enough of the "bad" alleles are inherited, the individual will DEVELOP dysplasia. If external factors are unfavourable (over-weight, inadequate nutrition, over-exercise or under-exercise or high-impact exercise at an early age being the main factors), the HD will be felt earlier - our first litter (before there was an HD scheme here) had one pup collapsing in pain at 3-4 months old. If the external factors are favourable, the individual won't notice its HD until later in life.

As for her "It's not something that's just acquired.":
Injury can mimic the arthritic effects of HD and ED, and so the disorder CAN be "acquired", but in those cases there is only a low risk of the afflicted individual passing on to progeny the alleles that are the root cause of these joint dysplasias.

Unfortunately, xrays cannot detect actual alleles (the term for the variations found at the same gene locus), and the "bad" alleles for dysplasia happen to be recessives - which means that an individual can be heterozygous at each gene locus, with the "good" dominant allele switching off the "bad" recessive allele. Such a pooch will score perfect on xray, but pass on lots of its own recessive alleles to its progeny, producing more carriers. Mating together TWO carriers will result in LOTS of pups that inherit the same "bad" allele from both sire & dam, and so those unfortunate pups WILL develop ED or HD (depending on which recessives they inherited a pair of) at some stage in their life.
And so far I am aware of DNA researchers claiming to have found the "bad" recessive of only ONE of the several genes involved - they're all still trying to work out where in the genome the other genes involved are located.

I cannot currently access Dr Willis' report on what percentage of HD has been detected by each age. But it was something like only 16% (obviously that will be the 16% with the worst genes) detected by 6 months old, about 67% detected by 12 months old, 84% by 2 years old, 96% by 3 years old. The real figures make it very obvious that HD does get worse as the pooch ages. All schemes except OFA accept that, if xrays don't show HD at 12 months old, then that pooch is not likely to develop SEVERE HD before about 10-12 years old, and is a better breeding risk than one who already displays HD.

At present, only a Progeny Analysis (as found in the GSDCAustralia web-site) can indicate how good or bad a risk a pooch is for producing ED or HD. The most important part of a Progeny Analysis searching for recessives is the score of the WORST offspring. But OFA has only about 7 different scores (and doesn't always publish the names of the worst ones). The BIF scoring used by your BVA provides you with 16 scores from 0 to 6, plus 2 from 0 to 5, giving a best-to-worst range of totals from 0 to 106 - a nicely broad range on which to base a Progeny Analysis. And the Health section of The KC's web-site lets you see many offspring's scores, although it doesn't do the analysis part - a breeder needs to do that himself.

Your pet having reached 6 years, the odds are good that his genetics & environmental factors will allow him to still move freely at 10 or 12 years old. I've had many GSDs pass that age - one reached 15 - without arthritis afflicting them, let alone the more severe forms of ED or HD. will tell you heaps about ED and HD (and other things).

And please note that the breed's real name translates as German Shepherd Dog - a 3-word special noun requires 3 capital initials.


Kamal S 10.01.2010. 06:27

Are there any environmental impact in the mechanical Solid waste collection systems? Array

Kamal S

Admin 10.01.2010. 06:27


I hope that you know the concept of Solid Waste Management and the various stages. Any how, all details are available in the following link. Do read it.

Waste management comprises the sum total of all measures for the avoidance and minimisation as well as the controlled and environmentally acceptable disposal of waste of all types, i.e. domestic waste as well as commercial and industrial waste.


The controlled disposal of domestic waste and commercial and industrial waste forms a vital part of the infrastructure of human settlements built on the principles of hygiene. It is an essential component of waste management, whose function must be to help

- to protect human health,
- to contribute to the quality of life by improving environmental conditions,
- to maintain the ecological equilibrium of the environment, particularly of the soil and groundwater
- to ensure safe disposal of the waste pensuring the long-term sustainability of resources

Stages of waste disposal:
1. Waste collection and transport (separate collection where applicable)
2. Waste treatment
3. Intermediate waste storage
4. Waste dumping (landfill) and
5. Waste recycling.

Environmental impacts and protective measures:

In spite of the basically environment-oriented objective of waste disposal, various problem factors may arise which may be impossible or difficult to overcome:

a) technically/economically unavoidable emissions (residual emissions),
b) adverse consequences of unsuitable use of composting and other forms of recycling
c) unforeseen increase in volume of waste from private households, commercial and industrial establishments

Impact of waste collection and waste transport:

1. The consequences of climatically induced, rapid decomposition of waste (insect infestation, odour nuisance, spontaneous ignition, etc.)
2. The scattering of waste by animals (dogs, cats, rats).
3. Noise and odour nuisance
4. Health concerns of the general public and of personnel

Impact of waste treatment and Intermediate waste storage:

A. Biological treatment (Composting, Fermentation, etc)

1. The compost raw materials may contain substances which in high concentrations have a harmful effect on soil, plants and hence also, via the food chain, on animals and people.
2. The groundwater and surface waters may also be at risk from leaching and percolation of pollutants.
3. Occupation of land (by construction works, machinery, areas for compost stacks and residue landfill etc.)
4. Noise emissions and odour emissions

B. Physical, chemical treatment

1. Occupation of land
2. Noise emissions
3. Odour emissions
4. Pollution of surface waters (after treatment of liquid residues)
5. Pollution of groundwater (due to leaking and insufficiently drained storage areas for materials/waste materials, etc.)
6. Air contamination by pollutants (immissions)

Impact of waste dumping:

1. Percolation water, gas, odour and noise emissions,
2. Nuisance from insects, rats and birds and
3. Dust and paper drift
4. Occupation of land
5. Non inert waste

Impact of waste recycling:

1. By extracting and recycling secondary raw materials from waste, raw materials and energy are saved and at the same time pollution of the environment is reduced.
2. The landfill sites have to take less waste, and so their operating life is extended and this then reduces the occupation of new land and soil.
3. In the case of refuse incinerators, less ash and slag are produced
4. Since the waste contains less paper, plastics and textiles, the calorific value of the waste is also reduced. T
5. By reducing the plastic content, particularly PVC, the pollutant content of the flue gases is reduced.

Impact of waste incineration:

1. Substantial reduction in the waste quantities to be dumped:
2. Production of heat energy and recyclable by-products (slag for road-building).
3. Safe sterilisation and disinfection of waste
4. Finding new landfill sites is far easier than in the case of waste-only landfill.
5. Waste water (with wet flue gas cleaning and cooling of slag with water)
6. Noise emissions and odour emissions.
7. Unavoidable production (even with correct operation) of:
a. Flue dust from flue gas dedusting
b. Solid residues from flue gas cleaning
c. Dioxins and other environmental toxins.


Aaron 16.12.2011. 19:25

if you were a superhero/supervillain how would you dress, what would your powers be, + would u have a sidekick? BQ: who would play you (and your sidekick if you have one) if they were to make a movie out of it?


Admin 16.12.2011. 19:25

No sidekicks. The closest thing I'd have to a sidekick would be a network of _drivers_, a group of lady volunteers who would be available for me to call up on my (specially designed) cellphone so they could pick me up and get me out of the neighborhood after a long night of crime-busting.

My wardrobe? I'd wear a tweaked version of the Rorschach/Question outfit: Fedora, slacks, shirt and vest with a trenchcoat and gloves. There would be rawhide backed with Kevlar on the trenchcoat and hat, and wherever else was needed to protect me against weapons and dogs. It goes without saying I'd wear a mask under the hat, but I won't specifiy what mask.

Powers? *lol* For the most part, that would be low-yield disruptive technopathy--the sort of thing that keeps security cameras and modern smartphones from _watching me_, mind you. That's the catch, I'd need an old-school (and modified) flip-phone to even make the driver system work. Assuming I could get my health back together and get in shape too? I'd also have sharper reflexes and reactions than the average person, maybe a wider field of peripheral vision, slightly sharper hearing than normal.

For the most part I'd pass for ordinary enough though. That's the catch: I'd have to be a street-level anti-hero, relying on my fists, sticks and kicks to actually do the job.

That is the catch though: I'd have to get in shape, train, get on meds for the mood disorder, and generally bust my hump for 2-3 years minimum to even have _half_ of what I need physically, in terms of the conditioning, martial arts and parkour, just to make it work. And even then my knees would hate me.

Bonus: The movie version of me would be Jack Black, in a serious role. Playing a fat, older gent who snaps one day, gets into shape and fights off the depression and despair long enough to actually hit the streets. And just about any handful of attractive women could pass as the drivers.


Mrs. Jones 28.10.2006. 06:03

Is there anyone who uses a natural remedy for dog allergies?
My boxer has red bumps on her belly, yeasty paws and ears, and she is always scratching herself. I have done shots, given her lamb and rice dog food, given her endless medications, and bathed her with anti- bacterial shampoo, and nothing ever works! I however have no allergies, sorry for the confussion.

Mrs. Jones

Admin 28.10.2006. 06:03

Allergies to what? That's a pretty broad question. In order to answer this question appropriately, you need to tell us what is causing the problem, so this is going to be a long answer and a lot of it won't be applicable. Before you give any herbs (or the like) to your dog you need to find out what can be toxic to your dog, each case varies and failing to adjust the drug dosage, or changing it too much, could be disastrous. If your dog has a condition that you didn?t mention such as kidney, heart, liver, pregnant, or thyroid diseases, you would have to consult your vet. A LOT of things need to be taken into consideration such as your dogs general health, amount of herbs given, trusted sources (be weary of products from other countries), interactions with certain drugs, herbs are generally not meant for long-term use, and allergies to herbs are always possible.

When you gave your dog the ?lamb and rice? diet, did you buy it already made or did you make it yourself, because it?s best to do it home-made?
8-week diet trial:
pound lamb or tofu
1 cup cooked white rice
to teaspoon olive oil
1 teaspoon bonemeal, ground oystershell, or calcium carbonate powder
1 daily vitamin supplement (human or canine)
Recipe feeds a 10-20 pound dog for one day. Increase amounts according to weight.
When deciding to use tofu or lamb, choose the ingredient that your dog has never eaten in the past. If your dog has eaten both, try pinto beans, venison, rabbit, or turkey. Provide only spring water, no treats or other food sources (including beef-flavored heartworm preventives). This diet is not meant for long-term use.
1 part cooked, skinless chicken breast or low-fat cottage cheese
2 parts cooked white rice
Pancreatic/digestive enzyme and probiotic supplement that contains lactobacillus.
Be sure to add fresh vegetables and vary the ingredients for a long-term diet plan. If your dog has food allergies, look for a probiotic without dairy, wheat, corn, or animal products.

EAR DISEASES Common causes of ear disease; foreign bodies (foxtails), fleas and flea allergies, environmental allergies, food allergies, ear mites, inherited seborrhea, glandular problems, yeast infections (often secondary to the above problems) chronic dampness, reaction to drugs, improper ear cleaning, immune disorders, prolonged use of antibiotics.
Symptoms; scratching, shaking the head, head tilt, repeatedly ducking or bobbing the head while swallowing, sensitive to touch, redness, offensive odor or discharge, bloody discharge, heavy accumulation of wax, crusts or scab on the tips of the ear.
When allergies are uncontrolled, they can lead to bacterial or yeast infections, chronic odor, and painful skin sores.

NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT (but make sure your dog isn?t allergic to the ingredients):
? Change to a home-prepared diet (due to food allergies)
? Enzyme supplements (especially helpful w/ hair loss and crustiness on the skin)
? Add fatty acid supplements (excellent for inflammatory skin conditions)
? Antioxidants (helps with skin inflammation and allergies) Vitamin E
? Melatonin (hair loss) FYI, Boxers who have sparse hair year round may also respond.
? Vitamin A (suppress overactive skin glands
? Zinc (assists several immune mechanisms and some skin conditions)

HOMEOPATHY (all of which are used for various reasons so you need to find the cause or decide what your treating); Arsenicum, Calc. Sulph., Hepar, Ledum, Rhus tox., Silicea, Sulphur, Thuja, Urtica urens
HERBS (all of which are used for various reasons so you need to find the cause or decide what your treating); Aloe vera, Calendula, Calendula-hypericum lotion or ointment, Green or black tea, Witch hazel
HERBS TO USE W/ CAUTION; Black walnut, comfrey, ephedra, garlic, gingko, pennyroyal, red clover, st. johns wort, tea tree oil.

When SHAMPOOING, look for hypoallergenic shampoos, avoiding products made with artificial colors, fragrances, and other chemicals. Ingredients with oatmeal and aloe vera help w/ itchy skin and allergic skin disease. Benzoyl peroxide, aloe vera, and tea tree oil help with chronic bacterial skin infections. Acetic acid, boric acid, sulfur, selenium, and vinegar help with chronic yeast and fungal infections. Sulfur and pyrethrins help with external parasites.

If you have any more questions, you can email me directly and I'll look it up for ya. Good luck taking care of your baby.


Jillian 29.10.2009. 03:23

Why is my 14 y/o jack russell's hair falling out in clumps? His hair is falling out in clumps around his back end area.I just took him to the vets last week and he was healthy except for a small ulcer on his eye.I was treating him with gentamicin but it wasnt helping so the vet put him on terramycin.


Admin 29.10.2009. 03:23

Dog Losing Hair, here is a whole list of causes of dog hair loss to me it sounds like a stess situation or some sort of bacteria/fungus, i would take him back to the vet and have him take a skin sample from the area it could also be from overgrooming on your dogs part, we have a 7 year old Jack Russell buddy and sometimes when he is under a lot of stress or is nervous he will lick his leg over and over again, resulting in a huge patch of hair loss, but read over this information and talk with your vet about the skin sample, and i hope he gets better and grows his fur back.

There are many medical and unknown reasons for your dog losing hair or shedding an unusual amount of hair. Reasons include:

Hormones: Dog hormonal problems such as (hyperadrenocorticism), hypothyroidism either require hormone therapy or surgical removal of the problem gland. Problems include hypothyroidism or Cushing's Disease. Symptoms of this problem include loss of hair on your dog's body. You may also see irritation, skin bumps, blackheads and flaking.

Tumors: Tumors on the testicles or ovaries can cause hair loss. The prognosis is excellent if the ovaries or testicles are removed. These issues cause hormone problems which lead to hair loss.

Dyspalsia (abnormal hair development, also called alopecia x): This happens when your dog loses hair on the sides of the body and then regrows it months later. Symptoms include the skin appearing black in color. If your dog has been neutered or spayed and other illnesses such as those mentioned above have been ruled out, then you can try therapy with Vitamin A and oral Melatonin which is a synthetic hormone. You can buy Melatonin at any health food store in 3mg tablets. The dose is daily over 2 to 3 months with results seen in 6 to 8 weeks. Over time reduce to 1x per week. Melatonin helps approximately 50% of dogs. One side effect may be sleepiness. Be sure to check with your veterinarian first.

Alopecia Areata: This is an immune mediated skin disease. Your veterinarian may take a small skin sample for analysis. Symptoms include the loss of hair in one or patchy areas. Treatment is either to wait for hair regrowth or to try corticosteroid injections.

Breed and Color Specific Hair Loss: Some breeds such as Greyhounds can lose hair on their thighs which later grow back. After 3 years of age some Dobermans (blue Doberman) and Irish Setters (fawn color) can lose hair. Symptoms may include some irritation on the skin. You can help the skin with a medicated bath.

Pattern Baldness or Unexplained Baldness: Focus is on proper nutrition, natural supplements and fish oil supplements. It is possible for dog's to become bald, particularly around the ears.

Sudden Hair Loss: Usually this is caused by a short term problem or stress. Once the reason is identified and eliminated then the problem goes away. In some cases such as plush coated dogs, hair will regrow in 6 to 12 months.

Infection: Ringworm (fungal infection) can cause hair loss. Hairless patches are up to 2 inches in diameter.
Dog Bald Patches Around Eyes

If your dog is losing hari around the eyes then your pet is suffering from demodex mites, a condition otherwise known as dog mange. To treat mange consider a treatment such as Dermisil for Pet Mange. The same company makes Benzarid which is an all natural way to rid your home of the mites.
Dog Hair Odor and Smell

Dog smell is not caused by just one odor, but is a combination of odors. The odor become strong and combine when a wet dog's hair is brushed. The odor is caused by a chemical reaction between the hair and the water, causing a range of odors. Smells that develop include sulfur, medicinal or feces, mushroom, fruity, floral, earthy and branched or complex aldehydes. It is this last category that increases the most when the hair is wet.

If your dog suddenly has an itch, is losing hair and smells then your should bring her to the veterinarian to check for infection (bacterial, fungal etc.).


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