Learn How to Keep Your Tropical Fish Healthy and Happy

Comments (20)

Learn How to Keep Your Tropical Fish Healthy and Happy

By: Donna Monday

Growing up, our family maintained at least two tropical fish tanks at all times. There was the " big tank " (the traditional rectangle aquarium) and the " little tank " (the decorative jug-shaped tank that doubled as a lamp). I remember tapping on the glass gently to get the attention of the fish and being delighted when they seemed to respond by swimming close to my finger.

Ahhh ... the joys and heartaches of keeping tropical fish. The joy comes from the many relaxing hours you spend gazing at the beautiful exotic tropical fish swimming around. The heartache when you find them floating belly up, having succumbed to some mysterious tropical fish disease or something wrong you did.

Freshwater Tropical Fish

First, I suggest finding some credible freshwater tropical fish information and reading up on the subject before going out to buy your first freshwater tropical fish. These fish are delicate. And some need special care.

We had (at any given time): tropical angel fish, red Oscar fish, plain guppie and fancy tail guppie fish, kissing fish (these are fun to watch!), popeye fish (my sentimental favorite), scavenger fish (keeps the tank clean), and even a small pet shark.

While many of these fish may all come from the same waters, they may not all get along when plopped together in a small space. A good tropical fish guide can teach you how to keep and breed tropical fish and give you recommendations for tropical fish to keep together. Believe me, if you make a mistake, you'll see your share of fish fights!

Feeding Fish

One of the most important basics of tropical fish care is learning how and what to feed your fish. Tropical fish need a special diet and goldfish food won't do. When you buy your tropical fish online or from a reputable tropical fish dealer, you should also purchase the correct fish food for the specific types of fish you are keeping. If you don't know what to buy - ask. And, please don't overfeed the fish - they can die from overeating.

Oh yeah. Better learn about semi-aggressive tropical fish for tanks as well. We used to have a couple of mouth breeder fish that really liked those cute little frogs we put in their tank to add to the atmosphere. While frogs aren't technically fish, we never thought that our well-fed fish would enjoy frogs for dinner.

I still shudder at the memory of seeing that poor helpless tiny frog hanging from the jaws of that fish. We also saw aggressive fish pick on and take bites out of other non-aggressive fish. If you don't separate them, eventually the non-aggressive fish will die.

Freshwater Aquarium Care

Aquarium care maintenance is a real responsibility. This is where your fish live 24/7 and they need a clean environment. This is a chore that needs to be done regularly so keep that in mind when considering setting up a home fish aquarium.

A good aquarium care guide can show you how to clean a fish tank with the fish in it, or you can transfer the fish to another holding tank while you clean the dirty one. How do you clean a fish tank? Usually it involves taking a hose and draining out the dirty water, then replacing it with clean fresh water. Don't forget to turn your pump back on after cleaning the pump filter.

If you have aquarium plants, you'll also want to read up on aquarium plant care.

Tropical Fish Diseases

Unfortunately tropical fish are prone to diseases. Tropical fish medicine is available if your fish come down with fish ich or ick (a sticky white film on their bodies), or some other disease. You want to catch any disease in time before it kills them.

More Tropical Freshwater Fish Information

You can get complete fresh water tropical fish information online that can tell you all you need to know and more about live freshwater tropical fish. There are also good articles on tropical fish keeping that are a good guide to keeping tropical fish healthy and happy.

Tropical fish are a wonderful addition to your home. With proper care and maintenance, you will get many hours of enjoyment out of your exotic home aquarium.

About The Author

Copyright 2005

Donna Monday

Everything you need to know about tropical fish care



Lost in the Labyrinth 21.03.2013. 19:40

How to discourage someone from buying fish? Back story: My cousin had two comet goldfish in a bowl for 2 years. Back in September I convinced her to upgrade but she only went to a 10 gallon, since that?s all she could afford. She didn?t cycle it & just placed her two comets, plus two more she had bought that day. The newer ones died, so she bought another one, a pleco, & two snails. Well she just dumped the fish in there, with the store water & all. Long story short, they all died but the original comets.
By her apartment is a pond that has goldfish in them. I placed my four comets in there & tried very hard to convince her to do the same. She didn?t want to because she was attached to them. I tried to tell her it was for the best. But in the end both her original comets died & she emptied her tank. I told her they died because she didn?t cycle it, that they needed a bigger tank, & that she didn?t de-chlorinate the water. She argued that they lived just fine in a bowl for two years, ignoring the fact that I pointed out that they were always at the top gasping for air.
Sorry for the long story, but I need to give you a picture of what I?m dealing with. Next Friday (29th) I?m going to a bigger city to go to Petsmart. I have some items to return, buy some fish & rat supplies. She?s tagging along, which I am happy she is a fun girl to be around, & has expressed about buying some new fish. Her tank doesn?t have water in it as of yet. She?s going to put some in Sunday. Not near enough time for it to cycle. She said she might get 2 fancy goldfish, like I have, but again, she has a 10 gallon. She has said she?ll just say she has a 29 gallon like me. I don?t know what to do

My question/need help with are:
1)Should I tell them that she has a 10 gallon & it hasn?t even been setup for a week?
2)Do you think an employee would care?
3)Should I seek out someone who might?
4)Should I just let her buy them & let her waste her money?

I?ve been racking my brain for the past week trying to figure out how to deal with this situation. I have four fancies & I know how much work they are. She didn?t even take care of her fish before, her mom did. Now she?s on her own & I just know those fish aren?t going to get the best treatment. She never cleaned her fish bowl, her mom did. When I could, I?d go over to her apartment & vacuum her tank for her.
I know if she doesn?t get them there, she?ll just go to our LFS (which is almost as bad as the Wal-Mart an hour from us, when it comes to fish) and buy the fish. I know it would be an awkward trip home, but I don?t want the fish to suffer.
I told her over & over about how to take care of fish. She won?t listen. She most likely will get a goldfish, but she has stated that she may want a betta, mollies, or guppies but doesn?t own a heater. Which I told her she?d have to get if she wanted tropical fish. She retorts that one of her friends has tropical fish without a heater. We don?t live in a warm enough state that a heater would be optional choice. I?ve told her if she gets a heater she can get a betta & 4 platies, like I have, but again she won?t buy a heater. And I refuse to buy her a heater; I honestly don?t want to support her carelessness when it comes to fish.
Any advice, good that is, would be appreciated. I just feel that she is ignorant or just honestly doesn?t care about how to keep a healthy fish. As long as their alive she sees nothing wrong. I?ve researched/read about fish for the past two years, still doing so, & I?m still learning. I?m at a loss & would like to know what to do. Thank you.

Lost in the Labyrinth

Admin 21.03.2013. 19:40

Well it sounds like you have the right reason for wanting to try to stop your friend from buying more fish, but I would suggest you tell the workers at petsmart your friend's situation, and there is a 50/50 chance they will care. Do this while your friend is looking at something else, so if the employee doesn't care and says that your friend could do whatever she wants, then your friend wouldn't use the employee's ignorance as justification for getting more fish. If there is anyone your friend listens to and trusts, go to that person and tell them the situation, hopefully they will actually care about the fish and may be able to talk your friend out of buying more fish before fully understanding the care. Bettas are hardy fish, and (this is sad for me to say) I have kept a betta for a year and a half with no heater in a 2.5 gallon tank, but he has thrived... Just recently I got him a heater and I don't see a difference, but he seems happier. My other betta I got 2 months ago is in a smaller, 1 gallon tank (he is really small) with no heater or filter, but both my fish receive water changes every week. I am waiting for petsmart to get the mini heater (I know I shouldn't have a heater in a small tank, but since they are weaker, cheaper heaters, it keeps the temperature just right) so I can buy if for the tank. But if your cousin behaves exactly like you say she behaves, then she shouldn't have any fish... If she wants fish in her tank, make her some out of paper, laminate it, and put a small rocks on them so they can stay suspended in the water and look like they float. Unless your cousin learns to take care of fish properly and makes an effort, she shouldn't get any fish.

To the person who said hermit crabs are easy to take care of, they require a LOT More time than people think. They need to have a properly maintained humidity level, heating, shells, and regular cleaning.


Bill 29.08.2011. 00:12

How do I start up a fish tank up correctly? I recently started up a 10 gallon fish tank, and I was wondering what is the proper way to do this? How long does it take for the tank to go threw its bio cycle? And when can I start adding fish? I want to make sure that my fish are happy and healthy. I plan on only doing fresh water tropical fish, so if anyone can help me, I would greatly appreciate it.


Admin 29.08.2011. 00:12

the fact that you are asking before you leap tells me you are serious about
doing this correctly

since there are a number of things that has to be done
i strongly suggest you go on like and find an article on setting up an aquarium for beginners
( fresh water ) stay away from anything else that will give you the basics
you will need to do some investigating, namely the proper filtration system
( i suggest you keep clear of under gravel this system has its place but is very limited nowadays
don't plan to get fish in the tank for a few months ( now don"t panic) if you do this one
baby step at a time. by the time you are ready to put your first fish in you will know
you are ready
but remember go slow study and learn,
good luck


~xLeannex~ 07.05.2009. 23:18

Do you have to clean a tropical fish tank,if you have a good filter? I would love a big fish tank, but I hate cleaning them as im back and forth with buckets! so if I had a good filter, do I have to clean it?
rutter, before I new anything about tanks, I didnt know about the cycle thing so I did empty my whole tank wash everything and fill it up again! lol its only since I built a pond I have learned about fish


Admin 07.05.2009. 23:18

No need for buckets, just spend a measly 30-50$ on the amazing python siphon, you will never need to carry a bucket again! ( unless of course it is not aquarium related )

The filter is only as good as the media ( the stuff that traps the crap ), a good filter has robust parts and powerful propellers.

Yes, cycling the tank is vital for a fish's health, without doing it you can kill your fish in less than a day, and you need to add fish at 2-3 at a time, and if it is a really big fish ( oscar, arowana or pacu ) you have to make sure that the beneficial bacteria colony is enough to handle there massive amounts of waste.

To cycle the tank you can do it 2 ways:
cycle the tank WITH fish
Cycle without fish

Pros of cycling with fish:
You get to learn the charateristics of the fish

Your fish have a 90% chance of dying
You have to clean the tank while cycling with fish
The water starts to smell really bad
The fish will probably get sick which can back-track you big time

Pros of cycling without fish:
You don't have to change the water
The possibility of a sickness or disease is 0%
You won't lose any fish
You don't have to worry about how high the ammonia/nitrite get

It does get a bit boring with an empty aquarium but it all pays off

I did fishless cycling and it took about 20 days, and I can keep angelfish ( a bit picky about water quality ) in it without them dying, to fishless cycle a tank you will need to completely setup the tank, including gravel, filter, heater and bubbler, let it run for 1-3 days so the temperature can adjust, most tropical fish like a temperature of 78-82F, but fish like Discus like it at about 85-88F, a constant Temperature ensures a healthy, happy aquarium, so for that reason I use two heaters set at the same temperature to manage the temperature.

After the temperature is right, you will need to go out and by the following items:
Ammonia test kit
Nitrite Test kit
Nitrate Test kit
pH test kit
Fish food

Check all of the levels and write them down in a log, right a daily diary entry saying what the ammonia/nitrite is, no need to check nitrate and pH until you have your fish.

You are going to need to add 2-5 flakes a day to the tank depending on the fish type/size you are going to keep, the bigger the fish you are going to keep, the more food you are going to need to add, so if the fish is about 10", i'd say 4-5 flakes a day, but for a smaller 1 inch fish, only 1-2 flakes a day will suffice, so if the majority of the fish are 1", add 2-3 flakes a day, if the majority is on the larger side, add 3-5 flakes a day.

Adding fish food simulates ammonia, the fish food rots and creates ammonia, the filter takes it in every time you add food to the tank, so you need to keep doing this until you see the ammonia and nitrite hit a high level and then fall and stay down, once they are down and stay down, your tank is cycled.

pH is very important, I am not really sure of how to explain it but a fish can cope with a neutral pH ( 7.0 ) but if that pH is going up and down all the time the fish is bound to die, a stable temperature and pH ensures healthy, happy fish.

You can buffer pH with the following:
driftwood/bogwood ( lowers the pH )
crushed coral ( highers the pH )
pH neutral ( a store bought chemical )
pH up ( a store bought chemical )
pH minus ( once again, a store bought chemical )

I prefer to manage the pH via Crushe coral and driftwood, but don't add too much as it will make it go too high or too low.

Good luck!

PS: here is a link to prove that my answer is not bogus ;) : http://www.aquatic-hobbyist.com/profiles/misc/fishlesscycling.html or just type in fish-less cycling on the internet.


Ryan 04.03.2013. 00:28

Where can I find some advanced information about Aquariums and Fish? I'm looking to open my own Aquarium shop is some years to come. Before I even think about going ahead with it, I first want to know as much as I can about Fish and how to keep them. I have read a lot over the internet and purchased a book on how to look after the fish,water and equipment, however I feel I still have a lot to learn. Does anyone know of any useful books or websites that I can find a lot of information on? It would be a great help.

Thank you
@ John B

If you haven't realized sun beam.. I clearly stated I have purchased a book and looked on the Internet. I was asking for any useful books or websites, some people may know of really good and highly detailed ones. So before you come in like the big "I am" .. Try reading my question properly you fool.


Admin 04.03.2013. 00:28

Ouch! I just saw the UK flag next to your question & had plunked out a lot of US stuff. Much of it may still apply. There are often UK equivalents for examples given. And you seem freer of these big box stores too. Look for national fish associations, pet professional associations, district clubs and local wholesalers. Visit shops in a slow period.

Shops may need weekend help. It might be instructive to apply for a part time job for a while. I enjoyed moonlighting, but decided to keep the day job.

Planning ahead is so wise. A friend took a local architect and wholesale manager to lunch and they began setting up a shop together.

On the business end, check out Ray Lucas' site http://www.kingfishservices.net/
He has been a company rep at fish shows for a couple of decades. Among other programs (including a great hand's on for kids) is an evaluation of the industry (serious consolidation, people being ushered into retirement). A couple of years ago, He noted that over the preceding 15 years 50% of the general aquarium clubs had ceased to be. At that time he contended that every week on average an independent US pet shop closed their doors.

There are shops like Hoeffers in Milwaukee (a wonderland that started with probably a million dollars in inventory) that seem to be doing ok. There are niche specialty shops (Marine tanks, cichlids) that seem to hang in there too.

There are also specialty sites like

National associations can be very useful. They include marine, killifish, catfish, native fish, Betta, cichlid. aquatic garden, livebearer, guppy, anabantid & invertebrate groups. They also have great national conventions. (Yahoo made me drop URLs)

Local chapters may also have good stuff and contacts near you. Some successful local shops have developed a reputation for having wonderful fish raised by local aquarists. Big box stores are prisoner to their 150-200 fish computerized inventory sold to them through their own wholesaler. There are potentially thousands of species & strains they don't carry.

Also Google your area and aquarium societies, aquarium clubs. Also look for pet dealer associations, pet trade shows, what do I need to start a pet store?

The major fish magazines have sites too.

A couple of great starter books include:
Baensch Aquarium Atlas Vol. 1 (7th REVISED EDITION 2007) * (also vol 2-3-4-5)
Setup and Care of Freshwater Aquariums (Animal Planet Pet Care Library) by David E. Boruchowitz
The Simple Guide to Freshwater Aquariums (Second Edition) by David E. Boruchowitz
The Everything Tropical Fish Book (Everything (Pets)) by Carlo Devito, Gregory Skomal and Gregory Skokal
Freshwater Aquariums: Basic Aquarium Setup and Maintenance (Fish Keeping Made Easy) by David Alderton
The Everything Aquarium Book: All You Need to Build the Aquarium of Your Dreams By: Frank Indiviglio

Fish clubs sometimes have swap meets and auctions. Sometimes there is a vendor there with a table or two of great aquarium books. Mike Schadle in the US Midwest in a great one. I both buy from him and mentally copy down titles.

Breeding Corydoradine Catfishes by Ian A.M.Fuller is one I would really like to borrow. A spawning fish is a happy fish and those accounts offer a lot of great ideas about keeping the fish healthy.

I might buy a couple of books after previewing them, but also drop by your local library. They may surprise you.

And I would also start building a list of books that I could get through inter-library loan (your tax dollars already at work). There are on-line fish book sellers. I have patronized several. But also one can highlight titles & info and paste together quite a list of works to borrow.

Look for newer works, especially those mentioned on forums. A bewildering list of titles comes up if you go to amazon dot com, click on books and put an aquarium topic in there. Lots to copy down. It might be good to Google a title and reviews.

Hope this give you a good start w/o overwhelming you too badly. :)


bryan 20.06.2013. 18:57

My beta fish just lays at the bottom of the tank? He just lays there but only swims up when I give him food and then he goes and sits in the bottom.. Help?


Admin 20.06.2013. 18:57

We at Yahoo! Answers cannot help you if you do not provide the necessary information we need to make a proper diagnoses or come to a conclusion as to why your fish is inactive.

How many gallons is your aquarium?
Is your aquarium heated?
Do you have a filter in your aquarium?
Was your aquarium properly cycled? (Letting the filter run is not cycling!)
How often do you preform a water change?
What is your current ammonia, nitrite and nitrate level?
What is your aquariums current temperature?
Is your aquarium a bowl?

Because you did not mention anything about your aquarium I will share this information with you:
Betta fish come from rice paddies, shallow ponds, slow moving streams and swamps, these areas may be shallow, however some of them can stretch for miles. Being so bettas have a large territory, which is why 5 gallons is the bare minimum for these fish. Betta fish come mainly from Thailand making them tropical fish. They require a stable temperature between 76-82F, any temperature below 74F will make the betta lethargic. Betta fish also prefer planted aquarium, if lighting permits planted tanks can be very beneficial; large leaves give the fish a place to rest, it gives the tank a natural feel, it mimics the bettas natural environment, plants will help bring the ammonia, nitrite and nitrates down making the aquarium easier to maintain. Personally, I prefer to keep bettas in planted 10 gallon, it gives them much more space to swim. It is likely that your fish is lethargic because it is in an unheated aquarium. If it's not that than it might be because you probably didn't cycle your aquarium (if it's even in one), and because it's not cycled the ammonia has built up and the ammonia is killing your fish. If you did not cycle your aquarium then I would advise you to return your fish and wait until you have set up a proper aquarium.

Feeding your betta a proper diet:
Bettas are carnivores, feeding just flakes or pellets is not a proper diet. In the wild betta fish eat insects, insect larvae and smaller aquatic creatures. Being so it is best to try and mimic the diet the best you can. Flakes and/or pellets should only make up half the diet. Frozen or live foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, mosquito larvae, daphnia and tubifex worms are excellent foods to keep your betta happy and healthy. You do not need to feed all of these foods, just one or two would be ideal. Freeze-dried foods have very little nutrition value, and are pretty much just a waste of money. I would also recommend switching to flakes rather than pellets, sometimes pellets can be too difficult to eat because they are often too large for their little mouths, so flakes are a much better alternative. One thing to keep in mind is a bettas stomach is around the size of its eye, so make sure to feed very sparingly, if given the opportunity they will pig out. I would advise feeding flakes one day, and frozen food every other day.

http://www.fishyou.com/water.php - Learn about ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, pH, gH, water changes and more!
http://www.oscarfishlover.com/how-to-cycle-a-tank/fishless-cycle - Learn how to do a fishless cycle.
http://theaquariumwiki.com/The_Nitrogen_Cycle - Learn about what the Nitrogen Cycle is.
http://www.firsttankguide.net/betta.php - How to care for a betta fish, most of the information is good.
http://www.fishlore.com/Articles/betta-fish-care-guide.htm - Another one on how to care for bettas, once again, most of the information is useful.
http://animal.discovery.com/pets/aquarium-setup.htm - How to set up an aquarium.
http://www.wikihow.com/Set-up-a-Freshwater-Aquarium - How to set up an aquarium.
http://www.theaquariumwiki.com/Bowls - Information on fish bowls.


Anonymous 28.09.2010. 08:51

What do i need to get for a fish? I've never had a fish before and i only want 1 or maybe 2 at the most i just want a normal looking one like a goldfish and i just want it in a normal fish bowl, but what else would I need to do for it and buy for it? Thank you in advance.


Admin 28.09.2010. 08:51

1. Bowls are NOT suitable for fish. All fish need a proper filtered set up that has been matured correctly. Bowls are a massive newbie mistake and will result in a dead fish. Goldfish should live over 15-20 years. You're very lucky to get them past 6 months in a bowl.

2. RESEARCH and check your finances, starting fishkeeping isn't cheap and requires a lot of patience! They are more of a chemistry test than a pet! Goldfish in particular are not good for beginners, they need very large over filtered tanks and are extremely messy animals.

You would be better starting with a tank no smaller than 20 US gallons set up as a tropical set up, with a filter and a heater and decor of your choice (avoid plastic plants or any decor with very small holes that fish could get stuck in!).

Then you need to research on a little fellow named The Nitrogen Cycle. Developing an understanding of this will keep your tank healthy and happy for many many years to come! There several dozen ways of putting a new tank through the cycle, I personally recommend the pure household ammonia fishless method.

Like I said, chemistry experiment!

Basically sign up to a few forums, pick up some magazines, do a lot of background reading. You can never stop learning in this hobby and no one can ever know everything! It is very rewarding, but only when you do it right! And even the most experienced of people can have disasters. But don't go with a Goldfish in a bowl. It'll die in a few weeks, and you'll have a hideous negative view of the hobby and give up. We want MORE people in this hobby not less!


Sarah Conlan 17.11.2010. 17:59

How does a 15 year old girl lose weight? Im 15 years old, 5'4", and weigh 135 lbs. Im not saying im really fat, i just want to lose like 10 lbs. Im pretty happy with my weight, but i do look chubby, and i would prefer to look toned :) Thanks!

Sarah Conlan

Admin 17.11.2010. 17:59

this tips is long but it help me a lot i hope it help u too!

cardio exercise and eating breakfast fruits, whole grain cereals and egg-white are great options help boost metabolism which help lose weight faster & burn more calories so eat egg in every morning omelet or boiled etc..to get protein which important for your body for losing weight
stay way from junk food, fries

Do 30 minutes of cardio training [dancing, jogging, aerobics, yoga , running, bicycle, swimming, kick boxing ... ] and 30 minutes of strength train [weights, arms, setup, crunches for abs, legs workout and stretches]
workout 3-6 times on week. 30min or 1-2 hours

# Walk 30 minutes a day ?no excuses
# dont set watch TV or computer more than 2 hours stay active.
# Be aware when you eating dont eat front TV, Eat when you are hungry & eat slowly
# Restock your kitchen with healthy food
# dont skip meals eat every 4 hours & eat 3 healthy small meals & 2 healthy snacks instead 3 big meals
# Eat when you are hungry & eat slowly, chew more!
# Reduce portions by using smaller plates & bowls (9 inch diameter instead of 11+ inch)
# Eat 9 handfuls of vegetables more than fruits each day also eat 1 small handful nuts
# you have to learn about calories you should take, look & learn label on sodium,sugar,fat,carb,calorie and read ingredients
# Avoid trans fat in label (Avoid partially hydrogenated oils,Shortening, palm kernel oil and coconut oil) and saturated fats at all cost
# Avoid white food such as enriched wheat flour/white flour (white bread and rice, potatoes,white starches - white pasta, crackers, cakes,donuts,pizza ,and simple sugar, including high fructose corn syrup. Sugar, sugar, sugar. The #1 killer for trying to lose belly fat, get a 6 pack, or achieving that flat, tight, sexy stomach. Avoid high fat foods (butter,margarine, cheese, milk ) go for low fat
try to avoid processed or refined carbohydrates
# Drink one or two glasses of water before a meal to help fill you stomach with fewer food calories
# Eat less fat ,sugar and your sodium (salt) recommends less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium daily?hat s about 1 teaspoon of salt. our bodies needs (about 1,500 milligrams) .
#Fifteen percent of your calories should come from protein, 25 to 35 percent from fat and the rest from carbohydrates.
# Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat and nonfat dairy, legumes, fish and lean meat should all be incorporated into your diet.
# Soybean, canola, olive, safflower, sunflower and corn oil are all healthy oils you should use when cooking and preparing foods.
Also, cooking medium heat is ideal but oil alone is not recommended.
# All fresh vegetables and fruits, such as green leafy vegetables and greens, broccoli, cauliflower, green beans, carrots, tomatoes, etc. Eat plenty of fiber-rich vegetables (dark leafy greens?ood; corn--not so good), beans (all of them), and fruit (apples, pears, peaches, and berries have a lower GI than tropical fruits, like papaya and mangoes).
# Complex Carbohydrates
* Whole grains, pastas and cereals, brown rice, whole wheat bread, oats, millet, barley, kasha, cornmeal, polenta, etc.
# Stop eating 2-3 hours before bed time & dont eat carbs on dinner and sleep night 8 hours,
# Fill up 25-30 grams of fiber.
#Drink plenty of water before, during & after workout it increase your muscle tone is also important to lose weight keep hydrated, drink 8 glasses of water
# dont eat under than 1,200 calories
# if you take in more calories than you burn through daily activity and exercise you ll gain weight__regardless of whether those calories come from good natural foods or bad processed meals. it,s that simple: Eat less exercise more,
Best Fats; Monounsaturated Fat Foods
* Avocado * Oil (canola, olive, peanut, sesame) * Olives (all)
* Nuts * Peanut butter, old-fashioned * Sesame seeds

Good Fats: Polyunsaturated Fat Foods
* Margarine (first ingredient is polyunsaturated oil)
* Mayonnaise (regular or reduced-fat)
* Nuts (walnuts) * Poultry
* Oil (corn, safflower, soybean, cottonseed)
* Salad dressing (regular & reduced-fat)
* Seeds (pumpkin, sunflower) * Liquid Vegetable Oil * Eggs * Meat

Bad Fats:Saturated Fats ( no more than 7% saturated fats)
* Bacon & bacon grease * Cheese * Milk
* Butter (stick, whipped, reduced-fat) * Eggs
* Coconut Oil * Cream * Cream cheese
* Ice cream * Lard & salt pork * Palm kernel oil * Cocoa Butter
Good Luck and Take care :-)
Bad Fats: Trans Fats (no more than 1% trans fats)
look in ingredients Partially Hydrogenated Fats or Shortening
* Margarine (stick) * Nondairy creamers * Baked Goods
* Fired Foods * Also Found in Naturally In Meat & Dairy Products In Small Amount


Manchesta gorgiea? 09.03.2008. 19:19

my birthday is in a couple of days and i really want a fish. how can i persuade my parents? i already asked this question but i would like better answers please

i offered to pay for everything but the fish itself (which is $80 for the tank and everything)

what can i do to persuade them and also whoever has guppies what has been your experience with them ?

Manchesta gorgiea?

Admin 09.03.2008. 19:19

Let them know that you will take good care of it and you will prove that you can be a responsible owner by taking good care. Then do it.

A fish tank is perhaps the most inexpensive hobbie there is. I have learned alot inlife from watching the goings on amongst my fishtanks.

Whats the worst thatcould happen? 1 year from now you have an empty 10 galln tank in the attic? Big deal. And thats the worst case scenario!

Talk sensibly about it with them. Dont whine, beg and argue. be grown up and tell them that you have though about it for a lon time and this is what you want to do.

Parents should encourage their children with their hobbies. Especially one as safe and educational as seting up, mantaining, cleaning, and keeping a healthy happy community of fish.

And guppies are probably the best first fish. You can get some really cool ones for justa few $$ and the cool thing about guppies is , they have lots of babies.

If this doesnt work for you, then revert to the begging and whining. You'll get your tank. Maybe one of your friends families has a spare tank theydont need. usually a pet shop will try to make as much money off you as possible and sell you all kinds of stuff. Go cheap. Maybe take a book out of the local library on tropical fish. Itmay be an old outdated book but not much has changed with fishtank fundamentals.


Natalie 06.07.2013. 02:12

Would Glofish be good for first-time fish owners? I'm about to get a small tank and since Glofish are small, and I think they look awsome, would they be good for "first-time" fish owners? What do they eat? Does the water need to be heated? I just want to know so I'm prepared


Admin 06.07.2013. 02:12

Before you do anything else, go get some beginner's aquarium keeping books and read them. There is much more to keeping fish than "just add water." You must learn how to cycle and maintain the tank, for starters. Then you need to research the fish you wish to keep, to make sure you can care for them properly.
Glofish are modified Zebra Danios. I suggest checking out Zebras in the normal variation, they are quite pretty even without the modification. They are smallish, but are lively schooling fish. The minimum tank size you need is a 20 gallon long, and you will need to keep at least 6 of these fish for them to be happy and healthy.
If your normal room temperature stays between 64-75, you don't need a heater. They are omnivorous (they eat both meat and vegetable matter). A good quality tropical fish flake food should make up most of the diet, but on some days give them blood worms, tubifex worms, brine shrimp, etc. Typically, they aren't picky and are easily satisfied.
Do your homework first, and you'll be fine. Welcome to the hobby!


sweetansassy 27.05.2007. 01:27

I use cycle in my fish tank. I have used it from the time i started? My tanks are cycled now and on the bottle it say you should still use it for ever water chance, Do you think it really is neassary now that the tank is cycled.


Admin 27.05.2007. 01:27


I successfully cycled a 125 gallon 6 foot long freshwater aquarium back in the late 90's and kept it going with great success thru 2002. There were a few ups and downs and some surprises with that tank but I learned from experience how to keep it healthy and happy with a bunch of community fish and lots of plants!
Currently I have a 30 gallon freshwater tank that just recently was cycled and has been doing great since. And it has been an easy setup with the previouse experience I've had and I already have added a beautifull tropical plant that is doing great!
Here is what I have learned about cycling your aquarium and getting it to stay happy and healthy.

That Cycle stuff !

I used it successfully both the first time I set up the 125 gallon tank and now with the new smaller 30 gallon tank. Yes it is a good idea to use it when there are any changes to your system like water or filter changes, but there is more to know that might help you decide if you realy need to use it those times!

Cycle 101

The whole purpose of products like CYCLE is to seed the tank with a balanced culture of good bacteria that handle the waste products in the tank (Amonia) in a natural way and create a self sustaining natural type of eco-system.
In other words - adding bacteria that will live and grow in the tank and keep it healthy because they change the bad stuff ( amonia ) to good stuff ( nitrate ).

The Problem

You added the bacteria ( CYCLE ) and they grew and survived and are now keeping the tank healthy ( the tank has cycled ) and thats great. But the important thing is to keep them ( the bacteria ) alive and well just like your fish !

1. Where they live - the bacteria aren't just floating around - they set up camp in your filter stuffing, in the gravel, and on every possible surface in the tank. This is important because if you want your tank to stay in the good healthy state that it is in now then you need to know where they live so you can keep them alive and well !
2. How to keep them alive ! First you want to have a place for them to live that your not going to mess with much if at all. As long as they are established somewere that isn't disturbed they will continue to live and do what they do best - keep your tank happy and healthy.
3. Where to keep them alive ! Filter stuffing - the stuff in your filter, weather it's just the old style fluff and carbon or a new fangled contraption like a Fluval Canister Filter complete with several different types of specific media. The bacteria live and thrive in there and you need to figure a way to keep tham alive while not letting the filter get so clogged up that it doesn't work properly.
The purpose of those new filters with the filter foam that stays in there when you change the other media is just that, as is the filters with those water wheels that get all brown and slimey. They are made so that when you change the filter stuff to nice new clean stuff there is still somewere that doesn't get cleaned so that the bacteria can live there and not get destroyed when the filter is being serviced.
If you don't already have one of these types of filters then it would be a good idea to get one. They will say right on the box if they have a "bio-wheel" or some filter foam material where the bacteria are supposed to live.
You can also purchase an extra filter ( two filters for the tank ) and change one one week and the other another week, this way giving the bacteria a place to live and grow with out being disturbed between filter changes. If you don't have an outside cannister filter you may want to get one, as that is one of their benifits. They can stay uncleaned for long periods of time, giving the bacteria safe haven, and they usually have that foam or other filter material for the bacteria to live in that you don't disturb them when changing the filter stuff.
The important thing to remember is that you don't want to disturb the filter media that the bacteria live in, you want to have somewere for them to live that they won't be disturbed. Somewere they will be left alone. Simply rinsing or washing off the "bio-wheel " or filter foam will destroy the bacteria and could cause your tank to need to be cycled all over again so have a place for the bacteria to live that will not be disturbed !
4. A Note on Gravel - The gravel in the tank is also a place that the bacteria live so guess what happens if you clean or disturb the gravel ? You guessed it, it disturbs the bacteria. Back in the old days cleaning the gravel was touted as a nessecary action, today we know different. Not only does disturbing the gravel mess with the bacteria but it can release potentially harmfull amounts of amonia produced by decomposing food and waste in the gravel. So if you clean the gravel Stop doing it ! It is not nessecary ! If there is left over food stuff on the bottom of the tank more than 20 minutes after feeding the fish then you are feeding them too much. A great way to keep the bottom of the tank clean is to get a/several Cory catfish in a comunity tank, or some sort of bottom feeder for whatever type of setup that you have. Also keep from over feeding, there isn't realy any reason for there to be any food left to sit and rot on the bottom of the tank.
5. Under Gravel Filters - This is one way to keep your tank full of healthy bacteria without having to worry about destroying them during filter changes and such. The bacteria live there anyway but having the under gravel filter circulates water thru there and this creates a filter media that you never have to clean ( usually ) and this also keeps harmfull amonia from building up in the gravel. There may be some long term issues ( plant roots and waste clogging it up ) but the benifits far out weigh the possible downsides. A clogged undergravel filter is still better than just plain gravel on the bottom. ( This may be a mute point if the tank is already set up and cycled with out one as you would have to empty the fish and gravel to place one in there, but the info is there to know about ).
6. Water changes - I wouldn't change more than 10% at a time, too much of a change can disrupt the established bacteria and destroy the cycled eco-system. Also you need to keep a close watch on all the important factors of you water ( temp, pH, hardness, nitrite/nitrate/amonia content ). Test your water regularly, you can also use natural methods to control things like hardness and pH ( look them up on line - peat moss for filters, aquarium salt, and even cirtain plants ). Some plants do this, I had a fully planted aquarium ( 125 gal ) and between the amazon sward and another the pH rarley needed to be adjusted. Plants also eat up the nitrate that a cycled aquarium produces and converts the CO2 to oxigen further contributing to a healthy happy tank for all ! Also you can use that water purifier that is on the market at most pet stores, it basically softens the water and then you add the proper amounts of minerals and pH solutions provided by the same manufacturer. I had slightly hard alkaline water at the home with the big tank and that purifier is what made it possible to have a perfectly planted and easy to cycle tank. Also having enough water-to-tank surface circulation is important, you may want to add an air stone or canister filter for that alone. The more the water circulates the more exchange of gases with the atmosphere there is, the healthier the tank.

Last but not liest - So if you want your tank to stay cycled and be happy and healthy the trick is to do things that keep the bacteria alive where they live ( filters, gravel etc. ) and not do things that kill them ( don't clean the gravel or "bio-wheel"/foam filter media, don't over feed etc. ).

And to answere your original question - now that you know a bit about keeping your tank cycled and healthy - adding Cycle to your tank will definately benefit, but if you follow my advice and instruction ( and also do some more research about tanks and the nitrogen cycle on line) you may not ever have to !


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