Titanium Dioxide: Toxic or Safe?

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Titanium Dioxide: Toxic or Safe?

By: Lori Stryker

Titanium dioxide is the subject of new controversy, yet it is a substance as old as the earth itself. It is one of the top fifty chemicals produced worldwide. It is a white, opaque and naturally- occurring mineral found in two main forms: rutile and anatase. Both forms contain pure titanium dioxide that is bound to impurities. Titanium dioxide is chemically processed to remove these impurities, leaving the pure, white pigment available for use. Titanium dioxide has a variety of uses, as it is odorless and absorbent. This mineral can be found in many products, ranging from paint to food to cosmetics. In cosmetics, it serves several purposes. It is a white pigment, an opacifier and a sunscreen. Concern has arisen from studies that have pointed to titanium dioxide as a carcinogen and photocatalyst, thus creating fear in consumers. But are these claims true? What does the research on these allegations bear out? Would we as consumers benefit from avoiding this mineral to preserve our long-term health?

A carcinogen is a substance that causes a cellular malfunction, causing the cell to become cancerous and thus potentially lethal to the surrounding tissue and ultimately the body as these rapidly growing mutated cells take over. With the surge in cancer rates among all segments of the population, many people are attempting to reduce or eliminate their exposure to carcinogens. Titanium dioxide is regarded as an inert, non-toxic substance by many regulatory bodies such as the MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheets) and others charged with the responsibility of safeguarding the health of occupational workers and public health. The MSDS states that titanium dioxide can cause some lung fibrosis at fifty times the nuisance dust, defined by the US Department of Labor as 15 mg/m cubed (OSHA) or 10 mg/m cubed (ACGIH Threshold Limit Value). The ACGIH states that titanium dioxide is "not classifiable as a human carcinogen". Symptoms of chronic overexposure to titanium dioxide in an industrial setting, according to the MSDS, include a "slight increase in lung tumour incidence in lab rats". It also states "when titanium dioxide was fed to rats/mice in a carcinogen bioassay, it was not carcinogenic". The NIOSH declares that at 5000 mg/m cubed there was slight lung fibrosis, concluding that this substance was carcinogenic in rats.

The NIOSH declaration of carcinogenicity in rats is based on a study by Lee, Trochimowicz & Reinhardt, "Pulmonary Response of Rats Exposed to Titanium Dioxide by Inhalation for Two Years" (1985). The authors of this study found that rats chronically exposed to excessive dust loading of 250 mg/m cubed and impaired clearance mechanisms within the rat, for six hours per day, five days per week for two years, developed slight lung tumours. They also noted that the biological relevance of this data to lung tumours in humans is negligible. It is important to note that rats are known to be an extremely sensitive species for developing tumours in the lungs when overloaded with poorly soluble, low toxicity dust particles. Rat lungs process particles very differently compared to larger mammals such as dogs, primates or humans (Warheit, 2004). This sensitivity in the lungs has not been observed in other rodent species such as mice or hamsters (Warheit, 2004), therefore using the rat model to determine carcinogenicity of titanium dioxide in humans can be misleading, as extrapolation of species-specific data to humans is erroneous.

Many organizations and businesses have perpetuated this assessment of the carcinogenicity of titanium dioxide (ewg.org). However, several studies and study reviews have been used to compile the safety disclaimers for the regulations on the permitted use of titanium dioxide. One such study review took place in Rome, 1969 between the World Health Organization and the Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Cross species analyses were performed and reviewed for possible toxicity of titanium dioxide. The conference concluded that among the following species: rats, dogs, guinea pigs, rabbits, cats and human males, ingestion of titanium dioxide at varying diet percentages and over long periods of time did not cause absorption of this mineral. Titanium dioxide particulates were not detected in the blood, liver, kidney or urine and no adverse effects were noted from its ingestion. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (2002) allows for its ingestion, external application including the eye area, and considers it a safe substance for public health. Other epidemiological studies showed that workers exposed to titanium dioxide exhibited no statistically significant relationship between such exposure with lung cancer and respiratory disease, although some cases of pulmonary fibrosis did occur. These studies were conducted in industrial settings where the increased exposure puts these individuals more at risk than the average person.

Titanium dioxide is listed as a safe pigment, with no known adverse effects. It is not listed as a carcinogen, mutagen, teratogen, comedogen, toxin or as a trigger for contact dermatitis in any other safety regulatory publications beside the NIOSH (Antczak, 2001; Physical & Theoretical Chemical Laboratory, Oxford University respectively). It is reasonable to conclude then, that titanium dioxide is not a cancer-causing substance and is generally safe for use in foods, drugs, paints and cosmetics. This does not end the debate, however, as controversy over the safety of one unique form of titanium dioxide still exists.

One form of mineral or mineral extract, including titanium dioxide, that we should be concerned about is ultrafine or nano particles. As technology has advanced, so has its ability to take normal sized particles of minerals and reduce them to sizes never before imagined. While many are praising this new technology, others are warning of its inherent dangers to our bodies. A study by Churg et. al. at the University of British Columbia in their paper "Induction of Fibrogenic Mediators by Fine and Ultrafine Titanium Dioxide in Rat Tracheal Explants" (1999) found that ultrafine particles of the anatase form of titanium dioxide, which are less than 0.1 microns, are pathogenic or disease causing (see Table 1).

Table 1: Measurements of Mineral Pigment Particles


Particle Size - Measurement


Coarse - Less than 10 microns


Fine - Less than 2.5 microns


Ultrafine - (nanoparticles) Less than 0.1 microns or 100 nanometres


-- etcgroup.org --

Table 2: Particle Size and Entry into the Human Body


Nanoparticle - Size Entry Point


70 nanometres - Alveolar surface of lung


50 nanometres - Cells


30 nanometres - Central Nervous System


Less than 20 nanometres - No data yet


-- etcgroup.org --

Kumazawa, et. al. in their study, "Effects of Titanium Ions and Particles on Neutrophil Function and Morphology" concluded that cytotoxicity (danger to the cell) was dependent on the particle size of titanium dioxide. The smaller the particle size, the more toxic it is (see Table 2). This conclusion is relevant to the consumer because of the cosmetics industry's increasing use of micronized pigments in sunscreens and colour cosmetics. Nanoparticles of titanium dioxide are used in sunscreens because they are colourless at that size and still absorb ultraviolet light. Many cosmetic companies are capitalizing on metal oxide nanoparticles. We have seen, however, that if titanium dioxide particles used to act as a sunscreen are small enough, they can penetrate the cells, leading to photocatalysis within the cell, causing DNA damage after exposure to sunlight (Powell, et. al. 1996) The fear is that this could lead to cancer in the skin. Studies with subjects who applied sunscreens with micronized titanium dioxide daily for 2-4 weeks showed that the skin can absorb microfine particles. These particles were seen in the percutaneous layers of the skin under UV light. Coarse or fine particles of titanium dioxide are safe and effective at deflecting and absorbing UV light, protecting the skin, but consumers should avoid using products with micronized mineral pigments, either in sunscreens or colour cosmetics.

As with any health issue, relevant studies must be examined closely to reach balanced conclusions about its impact on our health and well-being. Often, risk determinations are made without considering actual hazards and real-life exposures (Warheit, 2004). The Organic Make-up Co., http://www.organicmakeup.ca, considers fine or coarse particle sized titanium dioxide and other mineral pigments to be safe according to the studies available and information discussed in this article. Despite repeated requests for micronized pigments in our colour cosmetics, we insist on using only coarse or fine particles of mineral pigments, balancing our need to look beautiful with our more pressing need to stay healthy. With the multitude of cosmetics and chemicals available to us, it is in our best interest to become informed as consumers and make pure, natural and simple choices to protect our health and longevity.

References:

Antczak, Cosmetics Unmasked. Harper Collins; London:2001

Blake, et.al. "Application of the Photocatalytic Chemistry of TiO2 to Disinfection and the Killing of Cancer Cells", Separation and Purification Methods; Vol 28 (1) 1999 p.1-50

Churg, Gilks, Dai, UBC Dept. of Pathology. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. Vol 277 Issue 5 L975-L982, 1999

Dunford, et. al. FEBS Letters 418, 87 1997

Etcgroup.org

Kamazawa, et.al. "Effects of Titanium Ions and Particles of Neutrophil Function and Morphology". Biomaterials 2002 Sep 23 (17): 3757-64

Powell, et. al. GUT 38, 390 1996

Warheit, David "Nanoparticles: Health Impacts?". Materials Today, Feb. 2004

Witt, Stephen. Director of Technological Support, N. American Refractories Co.

About The Author

Lori Stryker has been researching and developing all natural skin care and make-up for the purpose of offering men and women safe, natural cosmetics for everyday use. She brings to her research a specialist in human biology from the University of Toronto, coupled with a professional home economics degree and an education degree from the University of British Columbia, fusing chemical and biological knowledge with food, family and textile sciences.

You may use this article but any modification or publication of this article for fiancial gain must be approved of by the author. The author's name, Lori Stryker and her company's name, The Organic Make-up Company, needs to by noted when used.

info@organicmakeup.ca

Comments

John 30.05.2012. 15:58

Can titanium dioxide be prepared to have a silver color metallic lustre instead of white? Drinks company told me the silver glitter in their drink (Britvic Diamond Berry J20) was Titanium Dioxide. This is patently false, as Titanium Dioxide is white not silver/metallic in appearance. Unless there is some way to prepare Titanium Dioxide to appear as silver?
All forms of Titanium Dioxide are white when powdered. All scientific sources on forms of TiO2 describe it categorically as white.

John

Admin 30.05.2012. 15:58

COPIED&PASTED

FOOD SAFETY

FSA gives guidelines for edible glitter.

The Food Standards Agency has developed guidance on edible and non-toxic glitters and dusts.

This will help food businesses and consumers to safely use glitters and dusts with food.

As a general rule:

Only glitter or dust clearly labelled as ?edible? should be applied to food for consumption. Dusts or glitters that are edible will be made of permitted additives (such as mica and titanium dioxide) and must comply with the requirements of EU food additives legislation.

Edible glitter or dust must be labelled with the name or E-number of any additives used and should carry either the statement ?For food', ?Restricted use in food' or a more specific reference to their intended food use (for example ?Edible lustre?).

?Non-toxic? and inedible glitters that have been tested and meet the requirements of the legislation on food contact materials and articles can be applied to food for decoration, but they cannot be applied to food for consumption. They should be labelled ?For food contact? (or alternative wording to show they are not to be eaten) and include instructions for use.

Other ?non-toxic? glitters and dusts that have not been tested to see if their constituent chemicals migrate into food at levels above legal limits, do not meet the requirements of the legislation on food contact materials and articles. They are not labelled ?For Food Contact? (or similar wording to indicate their use) and should not come into contact with food.

Consumers who are unsure if a ?non-toxic? glitter or dust is safe for use in contact with food should contact the glitter or dust supplier. Glitter manufacturers have to provide suppliers with a ?declaration of compliance? to show the products meet the requirements of legislation for food contact materials and articles.

The FSA is contacting local authorities to help them clarify how glitters and dusts, intended for consumption or decoration, can be used.

Bye,

C6H6

@EDIT: There is a lot of confusion over the issue of ?edible? glitters in UE now.

There are edible glitters on the market. Some are starch based, and others are made of mica with titanium dioxide. Both are safe to eat when compliant with food additives legislation.

The term non-toxic in relation to glitter is legally meaningless. We are aware that a number of companies have changed the description of products from ?edible? to ?non-toxic?, while still implying that they are safe to eat and will simply pass through the body undigested. As these materials haven?t been scientifically tested for their safety following consumption that claim should not be made.

If the glitter is starch-based or made of mica with titanium dioxide, it is considered edible.

Admin

answers 18.07.2009. 11:49

Can eyeshadow safe for decorating cakes / icing flowers? Can eyeshadow be used to decorate icing flowers like you would with chalks? I'm presuming it is non-toxic if it can go on your eyes. I find it is much cheaper and there are a lot of shimmer colours in eyeshadows. I tried it today and it looks great on the flowers I made. Is it safe to be eaten?
Surely it couldn't be much worse than eating chalks

answers

Admin 18.07.2009. 11:49

No. no, no, NO!

Dyes are labeled according to safety: an F in the description means it's safe to use in food, a D means it can be used in drugs and C is cosmetic--which means only on your skin, NOT ingested. The dyes and pigments in eyeshadow are not labeled "FD". So no, you cannot ingest them safely.

Also, think of where the shimmer comes from--most shimmer shadows use mica--a glittery rock, basically--or various metals,some of which are extremely toxic when ingested. Titanium dioxide, for instance, has a hazard rating of 8 (on a scale of 1-10, 10 being the most dangerous) and is found in almost every shade of eyeshadow in my makeup box.

For that sort of danger, I'd rather spend a little extra money and either use food-safe dyes or real (non-toxic, unsprayed) flowers. Or if you insist on going the cheap route, buy reusable plastic flowers. They can't be eaten, but they will still look nice and are unlikely to poison anyone.

Admin

Egyptian Hero 19.11.2007. 14:20

How many chemicals does oil paint gloss home decorating paint contain? how many are dangerous to the environment? In production and for use and how many chemicals are dangerous to mammals in the production (including chemicals released by production in factory)?

What chemical does oil paint contain which is dangerous to our skin?

Is Wallpaper and wallpaper waste a better carbon footprint than paint (oil and emulsion)?

add hyperlinks and dissitations... haha. : )

Egyptian Hero

Admin 19.11.2007. 14:20

The number of chemical species in paint would be huge in larger and lesser amounts. Oils are very complex mixtures of many indvidual compounds both toxic and non toxic. Paint also contains pigments with are also very complex. Lead compounds used to be used but the main pigment in most white paint is titanium dioxide which is not toxic.

The oils are often renewable such as linseed oil so environmentally relatively neutral.

I think you should email the paint manufacturers for reassurances regarding the nature of the ingredients. They rae more careful now than ever to ensure paints are safe.

Admin

Irene 13.06.2009. 08:17

What impacts does paint do to the environment? I have been doing research on oil and latex paints but I haven't been able to find information on how it affects the land, air, water, animal and human, please help!

Irene

Admin 13.06.2009. 08:17

"Paints, lacquers and varnishes are among the chemical everyday products that have a particularly distinct effect on environment and health. Solvents, monomers, softening agents, and biocides are only some of the components of these products that present the potential for serious ecological and toxicological risks during their production, manufacture, application, use, and ultimate disposal". Paints are a major source of indoor air pollution. The US Environmental Protection Agency puts paint on its top-five list of environmental hazards. Conventional paints can make indoor air a chemical cocktail, even long after they have dried, as they continue to release petroleum based solvents, called Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) as they cure.

It is estimated that each year in Australia more than 80,000 tonnes of VOCs are released into the atmosphere, with the paint industry contributing significantly to this amount. Emission profiles from the EPA in California show that surface coatings are responsible for 9% of all VOC emissions.

Studies have found that the cumulative VOC emissions from architectural painting operations exceed the combined emissions from a variety of industrial operations. VOCs from solvent and paint emissions contribute to harmful ozone formation and peroxyacetyl nitrate.

According to the Masters Painters Association, ozone from paint emissions irritates eyes, nose, throat and lungs; reduces breathing capacity even in healthy adults and children; increases susceptibility to infection, hospital visits and admissions; and causes damage estimated to cost over millions of dollars per year to crops and buildings

Typical oil-based paint averages 350g/L VOCs, or between 35-50% of the paints volume. Even water-based acrylics, which are much less toxic, still contain 3-7% solvent content. The VOC content of paint and the CO2 emitted during manufacture are key contributors to environmental impact - primarily in the form of air pollution (petrochemical smog) and to a lesser degree greenhouse gases.

Just because a paint says it has no VOCs does not mean it does not give off hazardous vapours. Other chemicals in conventional paints include glycols, toulene, hydrocarbons, xylene, and ammonia. Mineral turpentine (used as a thinner and solvent) may contain up to 20% benzene, which is a confirmed carcinogen and mutagen in chronically exposed workers.

Many metal pigments used in paints (e.g. cadmium) are highly toxic and relatively rare resources. In several paints up to 20% of a tin by volume can be the pigment Titanium Dioxide, a product that can have a high environmental impact load associated with it. Acrylic paints are much safer than oil-based paints because they have less hydrocarbon solvents.

Solvent content in water-based paints tends to range from 0-200g/l compared to 250-750 g/l in oil based paints. Low VOC paints are up to 16g/l (GBCA) and ultra low to zero, 0-1g/l. However, acrylic paints typically include a range of biocides to protect the latex, which can include arsenic disulphide, phenol, copper, formaldehyde, carbamates, permethrin and quaternary ammonium compounds.

?While biocide manufacturer?s claim that the formaldehyde in these products won?t come out, EPA data shows this is not the case? (Maline N. 1999) Having these chemicals coating our walls and in the air we breathe is surely not desirable.

Another problem with synthetic paints is post-application wastage and disposal. The petrochemical paints that currently dominate the market are predominately derived from oil, a non-renewable resource.

Waste needs to be specially treated to avoid adverse environmental impacts. It has been estimated that water-soluble gloss paints require dilution of 40m to 1 to render their entry to the sewerage system harmless.

"Now there are safer alternatives to conventional paints," says Wurm of Greenpainters. "Consumers can choose to keep using the toxic conventional coatings, or they can use more sustainable products, such as low-voc acrylics or natural paints."

Low-VOC Acrylics: The benefits of choosing low or zero VOC paints are obvious - apart from being better for the environment, there are little or no fumes when painting.

In 1997 the Australian Paint Approval Scheme began an initiative within the Australian paint industry that aimed to reduce overall VOCs in locally manufactured paint. Current Australian standards require maximum VOC concentrations of 5g/L. In doing so, they were trying to catch up with European standards, which have already set lower targets for the future.

?Many of the larger paint companies have produced products which have been certified to be 'environmentally friendly', but are still synthetic paints made from petrochemicals, with lower VOC concentrations. However, these products are still a step in the right direction, and should be considered by specifiers and consumers who wish to use acrylic paints?, Wurm said.

Natur

Admin

The Tech Junkie 29.12.2007. 17:31

may contain iron oxide Or Titanium Dioxide ? I never have come across this type of warning on makeup before.
My nail vanish ,lip gloss & lip pencil say :may contain iron oxide Or Titanium Dioxide in rare event of adverse reaction discontinue use.

Is iron oxide Or Titanium Dioxide safe and whats with the :may contain iron oxide Or Titanium Dioxide labels.

Just concerned about it maybe i am being silly but these days you never know what they put in beauty products.

The Tech Junkie

Admin 29.12.2007. 17:31

iron oxide is rust, used as a red pigment color

titanium dioxide is another rust but it's a white pigment

all ingredients should have a Material Safety Data Sheet (msds) available. here's the msds for titanium dioxide
http://www.sciencestuff.com/msds/C2878.html

Potential Health Effects:
Eye: May cause irritation.
Skin: May cause irritation.
Inhalation: Prolonged or excessive inhalation may cause respiratory tract irritation.
Ingestion: May be harmful if swallowed. May cause vomiting.

here's one for iron oxide
http://www.jtbaker.com/msds/englishhtml/F1306.htm
Potential Health Effects
Eye: May cause eye irritation. Exposure to iron particles may cause toxic effects.
Skin: May cause skin irritation.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract irritation. Inhalation of fumes may cause metal fume fever, which is characterized by flu-like symptoms with metallic taste, fever, chills, cough, weakness, chest pain, muscle pain and increased white blood cell count. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.

Admin

Grl 01.05.2008. 22:02

how can lemon juice make your skin lighter? how can i use it to lighted the color of my skin?

Grl

Admin 01.05.2008. 22:02

I would only use it on the spots that need to be lighted not your hole face. You can buy lightners, but be careful they have a lot of chemicals in them.Yes it can, but it wouldn't work on a dark skinned person. If you are Caucasian then eventually lemon juice will lighten the skin. It's acidic and not particularly good for you. Some people that love lemons and eat them find themselves with problems with the acid eating the enamel off their teeth.

If lemon does lighten the skin, it will dry out your skin. If you want tips on how to lighten skin safely and effectively, get your tips here

Skin Lightening
Skin Bleaching - Skin Whitening
- How To Do It Right -

The skin lightening, skin bleaching or skin whitening process does not rely on products alone. Let me give you the scoop and how to do it right.

Hyperpigmentation problems have been a common dilemma for individuals with uneven skin tone, age spots, freckles, dark underarms, melasma, dark acne scars, dark knees, elbows or inner thighs. Skin lighteners have become popular, regardless of skin color, as a solution to correct these pigmentation problems and subsequently increased one?s self-esteem. You?d feel much better if you do look great.

So, how do you lighten skin correctly? What else is needed? Here?s a four-step process:




1. Products should be potent and safe.

Let?s tackle potency first. The concentrations of good lightening ingredients in most commercial products are so insignificant that little or no results are seen. These are common for skin lighteners found in drugstores and online. Price is not a factor to determine the effectiveness of a product, because some expensive stuff doesn?t necessarily mean they are more efficient. You might as well buy from a source that you trust, has good reviews, and well recommended by satisfied users.

Safety is an important issue, because your skin is the only one you?ve got. The three harmful whitening ingredients are:

Mercury ? poisons the bloodstream, therefore toxic when used in cosmetics. You?ll have an idea more or less what happens if your blood is infected with a deadly toxin, which can cause kidney or brain damage

Hydroquinone ? has been banned in Europe and Asia because it has been found to be carcinogenic, makes the skin hypersensitive to the sun, and thus can cause skin cancer. Still, some skin bleach products have 2% hydroquinone which is commercially allowed. But if you?ll ask me, no thanks!

Steroids ? can lead to thinning of the skin and produces stretch marks. It isn?t good because a thinned skin is also prone to skin infections.

So what ingredients do you look for?

Go natural! Some safe natural plant-based components are Kojic Acid (derived from mushroom), Licorice (plant extract), or Papain ( from papaya fruit). These are so safe that they are even used for food products.

Based on the above, I give my cheers to this well recommended product.

2. Apply your favorite moisturizers after the skin lighteners.

This is recommended because the skin whitening/bleaching process involves skin peeling (exfoliation). Remember that skin lighteners are formulated for skin lightening, not moisturizing. They don?t really dry out your skin, but using your favorite moisturizers will bring about a better, rosy, hydrated lightened skin. The resurfaced fresher skin best absorbs moisture. Apply your moisturizers about 5-10 minutes after the skin lightening products.

3. A good sunscreen blocks both UVA and UVB rays.

Did you know that not all sunscreens block the sun?s UVA and UVB rays. These two are different, as the UVA rays are responsible for aging, tanning and wrinkling of our skin, while the UVB rays causes sunburn. When buying sunscreen, look for ingredients such as Parsol 1789 (at least 3%) or also known as Avobenzone, Titanium Dioxide, Zinc Oxide or Mexoryl-Sx. If you choose the higher SPF, the better protection you get. There?s the new Neutrogena SPF 70 that I personally like because it blocks both rays.

Keep in mind that sunscreen is a MUST whether you?re in a skin whitening treatment or not. It is your best cover against sun damage and skin cancer, especially between the hours of 10am-3pm. But sunscreen is not capable of blocking all UVA or UVB rays. The ultraviolet rays can still penetrate even in the shade. Therefore, always protect your skin with sunscreen, hats, sunglasses, and long sleeved shirts for extended sun exposure.

4. Daily dose of Vitamin C supplement.

This is an option. But studies show that a daily intake of at least 500 mg of Vitamin C supplement enhances the skin?s suppleness and inhibits the skin?s production of melanin. Melanin is the brown pigment responsible for tanning the skin. The darker the skin color, the more melanin content there is.




Some ask me, ?Will I be using these products forever??

Results are NOT permanent. Just like skin tanning or use of other skin care products (antiaging, acne, hair care, moisturizers), it requires maintenance for you to see its long term effects. I'll ask you, if you stop using your lotion, would your skin stay moisturized for the next year? I don?t think so. Or if you stop using your antiaging cream, won't your crow?s feet be in trouble? Every product has its purpose, and is meant to eliminate, reduce or?

? make sure the skin problem doesn't come back.

Skin lightening products are of no exception. If you want to stay clear of hyperpigmentations, keep using the products. Maintenance is the least expensive because the frequency of use is considerably reduced once you reach the desired effect.

So there you go for the right skin lightening regimen. Say goodbye to skin discoloration and start your way for an even skin tone with a brighter glow. Show the world a better and more beautiful you. I?ve done it!

Admin

missmymy87 07.06.2009. 01:57

What's the best sunscreen for me to use? My skin color is medium and it's kinda oily in my nose.
Is there a sunscreen that will reduce my chances of getting darker?
Which one has the best protection from the sun?

missmymy87

Admin 07.06.2009. 01:57

DID YOU KNOW?
Most sunscreens are toxic as harmful irritants are absorbed into your skin? Purenity Natural Sunscreen with titanium dioxide and zinc oxide protects naturally and safely as it forms a barrier against the sun's rays. Safe even for infants.

Admin

YOU have a Deficiency 13.04.2009. 15:12

Is soy milk safe for breast cancer? Is it safe to drink soy milk or have soy products if you have breast cancer? Soy has hormones in it and breast cancer is hormone related.

YOU have a Deficiency

Admin 13.04.2009. 15:12

99% of all cancers are from infection(s). Soy products, like soy milk that are not fermented soy are very bad for the body and a growing evidence of information shows that soy is loaded with many bad things that negatively affect the body. Goitrogens are one that slow the thyroid down, soy depletes the body of minerals and this is one thing that helps the body increase cellular energy, thereby reducing the problems with infection(s).

Soy milk contains lots of sugar that we know feeds cancer cells. Soy milk causes men to become more feminine and even develop man boobs. The breasts are basically fat tissue and that is where the body stores toxins, so the breasts are very susceptible to toxic build up. Soy milk is loaded with things that are toxic to the body, like the titanium dioxide (white paint) they use to make it look white. The results are now in according to recent studies that verify soy depletes the male of 1/2 their sperm count.

Drinking RAW MILK from cows that are free range grass feeders will nourish the breast and all fat cells in the body. It contains over 500 fatty acids that are used by the body to make other fatty acids necessary for health. It is far better to drink whole raw milk than soy milk for your health.

I would avoid all soy that is NOT fermented.

EDIT: You need to read the book called, "The Whole Soy Story" by Kaayla Daniels. This book is an extensive study into the entire history of how soy became popular and how it has created many problems for our health. The soy industry is very strong and spends huge bags of money to promote it inspite of the tragedies it causes. When you read the studies that have been done, you need to follow the money. It is an absolute fact now that eating unfermented soy destroys over 1/2 the sperm in a male that eats it, and it is counter indicated by drug companies that sell thyroid medications because it slows the thyroid down and keeps the medications from working due to the heavy load of goitrogens in soy. These are facts that you cannot deny and small indications of the many problems from eating that junk. Soy inhibits iron absorption greatly and we all know that women need iron, right? Radioiron absorption studies were performed in male volunteer subjects to determine the effect on nonheme iron absorption of various semipurified proteins. When egg albumen and casein were substituted in protein-equivalent quantities in a semisynthetic meal, similar mean absorptions of 2.5 and 2.7% were observed. In contrast, isolated soy protein reduced absorption sharply, to an average of 0.5%. When egg albumen in the semisynthetic meal was replaced with full fat soy flour, textured soy flour, and isolated soy protein, absorption fell from 5.5 to 1.0, 1.9, and 0.4%, respectively, indicating an inhibitory effect by a wide range of soy products. The effect of substituting textured soy flour for meat in a meal containing a hamburger, french fries, and a milkshake was also evaluated. With 3:1 and 2.1 ratios of meat to unhydrated textured soy flour, absorption decreased by 61 and 53%, respectively. The soy products tested in this study have a pronounced inhibitory effect on the absorption of nonheme iron.

Here's a study you can read for yourself on the effects of genistein in soy regarding breast cancer. There are just as many studies showing it causes cancer as their are that show it does not.

Environ Health Perspect 108:701-708 (2000) . [Online 23 June 2000] http://ehpnet1.niehs.nih.gov/docs/2000/108p701-708bouker/ abstract.html
Address correspondence to L. Hilakivi-Clarke, Lombardi Cancer Center, Research Building, Room W405, Georgetown University, 3970 Reservoir Rd., NW, Washington DC 20007 USA. Telephone: (202) 687-7237. Fax: (202) 687-7505. E-mail: clarkel@gunet.georgetown.edu
This work was supported by grants from the American Cancer Society (RPG-99-059-01-CNE) , the Cancer Research Foundation of America, the American Institute for Cancer Research, the U.S. Department of Defense [DAMD 17-99-1-9196 (to L.H-C.) and DAMD 17-99-1-9189 (to K.B.) ] and Lombardi (T32 CA-09686) .

Although the evidence of the range of genistein's effects is far from conclusive, it is tempting for some in the scientific community to tout genistein as a potential chemopreventive agent or alternative to hormone replacement therapy. However, studies indicating a potential cancer-promoting effect of genistein should not be taken lightly. Further studies must be done before the true scope of genistein's actions can be understood. Given the recent U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of an over-the-counter soy supplement and recent media reports touting this as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy, the need for a clearer understanding of the potential cancer-promoting effects of genistein is paramount. Fortunately, genistein continues to be an active area of research interest, and therefore an explanation for the dual nature of genistein may not be too far away.

We know that soy has an affinity for the heavy metal aluminum and there is lots of aluminum in all SOY products. This heavy metal directly affects the thyroid in a negative way. Soy plant is used to remove aluminum from the soil and put nitrogen into the soil as a nitrogen fixing plant.

EDIT: goat milk is good milk, but RAW MILK from cows that feed on grass is the supreme milk because it contains NO human pathogens and over 500 fatty acids as well as high in CLA, vitamin E, K, and very good intestinal bacteria that are very beneficial to health. Pasteurized milks from cows fed grains are absolutely not advised. Go to: www.organicpastures and read their information. Get the book called, "Nourishing Traditions" by Sally Fallon and Mary G. Enig, Ph.D. who is the world's foremost expert of fats and oils that spearheaded the attack on "trans fats" in this country.

The best preventative and assistance you can give someone with breast cancer, pregnant or not is to consume the new finding of father Romano Zago of Brazil who has shown an 85% cure rate in his book and lectures he is holding around the world with is Aloe Arborescence mixture. Case after case is shown in his book regarding his successes with this simple cure that costs less than $100 and a few weeks of following his formula or purchasing a product that is now on the market. When you compare that to chemotherapy that has a 1.9% success based on a 5 year survival rate and hundreds of dollars per day, it demonstrates the effectiveness of allopathic medicine is dismal and ineffective, as well as not well understood.

good luck to you

Admin

Stitch 30.04.2011. 13:29

Can I put sunscreen on my cat? I have an all white cat with pink ears and a pink nose. She goes outside and it gets very sunny. I don't want her to get skin cancer but some people say that sunscreen is toxic to cats. I have lots of shady spots for her to sit under but she just likes running around catching bugs.

I want to know if I can put a little bit of Johnson's baby sunscreen on her ears?

Stitch

Admin 30.04.2011. 13:29

Skin cancer is not as rare as people seem to think it is. I have worked for a veterinary oncologist for 7 years, and skin cancer is common in cats and dogs (especially light colored or hairless breeds). However, many sunscreens can be toxic. The only one FDA approved for animals that I know of is Epi Pet Sun Protector. There are a few baby sunscreens containing titanium dioxide that are safe for pets on ears and noses as well.

Admin

Joanne L 01.02.2008. 19:16

Is tattoo ink made with petrochemicals? Is there any petrochemical-free & vegan tattoo ink?
I don't think it's a stupid question. I mean petroleum-based chemicals are found in so many things people ingest today; like food (for example - aspertame), medicine (for example - mineral oil). Not only that, your skin soaks up and internalizes topical petroleum products.
Thanks for the in-depth information.

Joanne L

Admin 01.02.2008. 19:16

I do not know much about being vegan, but here is what I know about tattoo ink. Tattoo ink is made out of whatever the manufacturer wants to make it out of. Most tattoo inks do not even list their ingredients The only real guidelines to the ingredients in tattoo inks is that they be safe for use on skin (not in skin). Yet, some companies do not even always follow that rule.

Sorry for the long post but I got this from wiki.bmezine.com. This is what is typically in tattoo inks.

"" * BLACK: made of iron oxides, carbon, or logwood. "Natural black pigment is made from magnetite crystals, powdered jet, wustite, bone black,and amorphous carbon from combustion (soot). Black pigment is commonly made into India ink. Logwood is a heartwood extract from Haematoxylon campechisnum, found in Central America and the West Indies."

* BROWNS, FLESHTONES: made of ochre. "Ochre is composed of iron (ferric) oxides mixed with clay. Raw ochre is yellowish. When dehydrated through heating, ochre changes to a reddish color."

* RED: made of cinnabar, cadmium red, iron oxide, or napthol. "Iron oxide is also known as common rust. Cinnabar and cadmium pigments are highly toxic. Napthol reds are synthesized from Naptha. Fewer reactions have been reported with naphthol red than the other pigments, but all reds carry risks of allergic or other reactions."

* ORANGE: made of disazodiarylide, disazopyrazolone, or cadmium seleno-sulfide. "The organics are formed from the condensation of 2 monoazo pigment molecules. They are large molecules with good thermal stability and colorfastness."

* YELLOW: made of cadmium yellow, ochres, curcuma yellow, chrome yellow, or disazodiarylide. "Curcuma is derived from plants of the ginger family; aka tumeric or curcurmin. Reactions are commonly associated with yellow pigments, in part because more pigment is needed to achieve a bright color."

* GREEN: made of chromium oxide ("Casalis Green" or "Anadomis Green"), Malachite, Ferrocyanides, Ferricyanides, Lead chromate, Monoazo pigment, Cu/Al phthalocyanine, or Cu phthalocyanine. "The greens often include admixtures, such as potassium ferrocyanide (yellow or red) and ferric ferrocyanide (Prussian Blue)."

* BLUE: made of azure blue, cobalt blue, or Cu-phtalocyanine. "Blue pigments from minerals include copper (II) carbonate (azurite), sodium aluminum silicate (lapis lazuli), calcium copper silicate (Egyptian Blue), other cobalt aluminum oxides and chromium oxides. The safest blues and greens are copper salts, such as copper pthalocyanine. Copper pthalocyanine pigments have FDA approval for use in infant furniture and toys and contact lenses. The copper-based pigments are considerably safer or more stable than cobalt or ultramarine pigments."

* VIOLET: made of manganese violet (manganese ammonium pyrophosphate), quinacridone, dioxazine/carbazole, and various aluminum salts. "Some of the purples, especially the bright magentas, are photoreactive and lose their color after prolonged exposure to light. Dioxazine and carbazole result in the most stable purple pigments."

* WHITE: made of lead white (lead carbonate), titanium dioxide, barium sulfate, or zinc oxide. "Some white pigments are derived from anatase or rutile. White pigment may be used alone or to dilute the intensity of other pigments. Titanium oxides are one of the least reactive white pigments."

Tattoo inks are unregulated and not "FDA approved" or any such thing. Some of the ingredients used in tattoo ink are approved for use in cosmetics, foods, and medical devices (including iron oxides, logwood, and titanium dioxide), although most are not. However, ink allergy is extremely rare?after all, somewhere in the range of five million tattoos are done yearly with almost no complications of this type. That said, if they do occur, see a dermatologist experienced in dealing with tattoos.""

If you want a vegan friendly tattoo ink then the best thing to do is find a tattoo artist who mixes his ink himself. That way, he will actually know what is in his ink and be able to discuss that with you. Good luck to you, you are a strong person if you are willing to take extra precautions about your tattoos to comply with being vegan.

Admin

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